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Eatiam lobortis nisi non pede. en Food Summit calls for more investment in agriculture http://endpoverty2015.org/en/faofoodsummit <p>The Summit on soaring food prices, convened by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (<span class="caps">FAO</span>), has concluded with the adoption by acclamation of a declaration calling on the international community to increase assistance for developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and those that are most negatively affected by high food prices.</p> <p>“There is an urgent need to help developing countries and countries in transition expand agriculture and food production, and to increase investment in agriculture, agribusiness and rural development, from both public and private sources,” according to the declaration.</p> <p>Donors and international financial institutions are urged to provide “balance of payments support and/or budget support to food-importing, low-income countries. Other measures should be considered as necessary to improve the financial situation of the countries in need, including reviewing debt servicing as necessary,” it said.</p> <p><strong>More funding needed for UN agencies to expand assistance</strong></p> <p>The final declaration also called on governments to “assure” United Nations agencies “the resources to expand and enhance their food assistance and support safety net programmes to address hunger and malnutrition, when appropriate, through the use of local or regional purchases.”</p> <p>Speaking about the growing social threat from rising food prices at the opening of the Summit, <span class="caps">FAO</span> Director-General Jacques Diouf said: “What is important today is to realize that the time for talking is long past. Now is the time for action.”</p> <p><strong>World takes action</strong></p> <p><span class="caps">FAO</span> Assistant Director-General Alexander Mueller said, “Clearly this Summit has decided to act. It has called for both immediate humanitarian assistance to those hardest hit by the current food price crisis and it has taken actions that in the medium term should go a long way in considering the driving forces of food system fragility to shocks in order to reduce the number of hungry people in the world, helping us to meet the World Food Summit and Millennium Development Goals.”</p> <p>The Declaration calls for “development partners” to participate in and contribute “to international and regional initiatives on soaring food prices” and “assist countries to put in place the revised policies and measures to help farmers, particularly small-scale producers, to increase production and integrate with local, regional and international markets.”</p> <p>Also recommended by the Declaration are initiatives that “moderate unusual fluctuations” in food grain prices. “We call on relevant institutions to assist countries in developing their food stock capacities and consider other measures to strengthen food security risk management for affected countries.”</p> <p><strong>Call for increasing the resilience of world’s food systems to climate change</strong></p> <p>On climate change, the Declaration said: “It is essential to address question of how to increase the resilience of present food production systems to challenges posed by climate change&#8230; We urge governments to assign appropriate priority to the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors, in order to create opportunities to enable the world’s smallholder farmers and fishers, including indigenous people, in particular vulnerable areas, to participate in, and benefit from financial mechanisms and investment flows to support climate change adaptation, mitigation and technology development, transfer and dissemination. We support the establishment of agricultural systems and sustainable management practices that positively contribute to the mitigation of climate change and ecological balance.”</p> <p><strong>More dialogue on biofuels and their relation to food security</strong></p> <p>On the contentious issue of biofuels, the Declaration said: “It is essential to address the challenges and opportunities posed by biofuels, in view of the world’s food security, energy and sustainable development needs. We are convinced that in-depth studies are necessary to ensure that production and use of biofuels is sustainable in accordance with the three pillars of sustainable development and take into account the need to achieve and maintain global food security…We call upon relevant inter-governmental organizations, including <span class="caps">FAO</span>, within their mandates and areas of expertise, with the involvement of national governments, partnerships, the private sector, and civil society, to foster a coherent, effective and results-oriented international dialogue on biofuels in the context of food security and sustainable development needs.”</p> <p><strong>Successful Doha development round and improved trade opportunities</strong></p> <p>According to the Declaration, <span class="caps">WTO</span> members reaffirmed their commitment to the rapid and successful conclusion of the Doha development agenda and reiterated their willingness to reach a comprehensive and ambitious result that would be condusive to improving food security in developing countries.</p> <p>“We encourage the international community to continue its efforts in liberalizing international trade in agriculture by reducing trade barriers and market distorting policies,” said the Declaration, adding that addressing these measures “will give farmers, particularly in developing countries, new opportunities to sell their products on world markets and support their efforts to increase productivity and production.”</p> <p>One hundred eighty-one countries participated in the <span class="caps">FAO</span> Food Summit – 43 were represented by their Head of State or Government and 100 by high-level Ministers. Sixty Non-governmental and Civil Society Organizations were present as well. Overall, 5 159 people attended &#8212; 1 298 of them were journalists covering the event.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/faofoodsummit#comments End Hunger Global Partnership English food summit Fri, 06 Jun 2008 15:22:46 +0000 admin 345 at http://endpoverty2015.org Analysis: World Food Crisis and the MDGs http://endpoverty2015.org/en/end-hunger/news/analysis-world-food-crisis-and-mdgs/28/apr/08 <p>The dramatic surge in food prices has plunged millions of poor people and many net food importing poor countries into a food crisis. Consequently, it has also put at risk their chances of achieving the <a href="/goals">Millennium Development Goals</a> (MDGs) by 2015. Whilst the focus has been on the impact on the <a href="/goals/end-hunger">MDG1</a> of reducing poverty and hunger, given the close inter-connectedness between all the 8 MDGs, the impact on these sections of the poor on health, education and livelihoods more broadly, cannot be underestimated.</p> <p>Paradoxically, addressing the MDGs in a comprehensive manner, as agreed by 189 world leaders at the Millennium Summit in September 2000, could have led to much greater food security for the poor. Even now, to find a lasting solution, apart from meeting the immediate humanitarian needs of vulnerable people and countries, what is needed is essentially a much more serious and intensive effort to meet the MDGs by 2015, with a strong focus on poor and excluded groups.</p> <p>Building on a bottom-up analysis with strong national ownership amongst poor countries is the key to addressing the short and long-term causes of this crisis. A long-term MDG-based plan establishing clear cross-sectoral linkages backed up with adequate budgetary allocations, which poor country Governments have promised in 2000 and recommitted in 2005, has to be the starting point. The prolonged neglect of investing in sectors that employ large sections of the poor and excluded such as agriculture and off-farm livelihoods has to be reversed. </p> <p>While pursuing better technology for high yielding agricultural inputs can be a part of the armoury to improve agricultural productivity, there is no substitute for land, soil and water management approaches that are sustainable and respect the rights and aspirations of poor and indigenous communities, particularly women. For the revolution to remain “green”, we cannot forget that the causes of food insecurity are as much institutional and environmental as they are technical. Addressing MDG1 without studying its impacts on <a href="/goals/environmental-sustainability" />MDG7</a> and vice versa will simply mean transferring Asian models to Africa without really learning any lessons.</p> <p>The current crisis has also once again underlined the need for a much more disaggregated analysis of winners and losers and a greatly nuanced search for solutions by region, by country and by social groups – all of which are central chants in the <span class="caps">MDG</span> hymn sheet. After all it is the impact of the “one size fits all” dismantling of all forms of agricultural support and social protection that is now coming to haunt the poor. The clock has turned a full circle and even the strongest opponents of state subsidies are now promoting the idea of targeted support and conditional cash transfers. Going to scale in agriculture makes eminent sense, but a looming question is whether we are ready to go to small-scale where appropriate. The contribution of agri-businesses have to be measured in terms of their impact on food security of the poor and not any other metrics.</p> <p>An incredibly powerful aspect of this crisis has been the spontaneous public protests in countries across the world including in some countries which have no space for citizens voices to be heard. This is certainly a wake-up call to leaders that denying basic rights and <span class="caps">MDG</span> commitments have political consequences. Translating these outbursts into long-term citizens efforts to monitor state accountability is a big challenge. But the fact remains that the lack of transparency in managing public affairs and food stocks, unethical hoarding by greedy traders operating in the black market, often hand in glove with politicians, are all starting to become less and less acceptable to citizens at large. A growing and attentive media will not allow unaccountable governance and corruption to persist.</p> <p>Finally, we have been once again rudely reminded that the primary responsibility of poor countries in achieving the MDGs, and the importance of the nation-state as the ultimate unit of both decision-making and accountability, only holds true if rich countries (the so-called “international community”) also keep their side of the grand global partnership deal. They have to deliver on <a href="/goals/global-partnership">MDG8</a> commitments of both meeting aid volume commitments and aid quality promises made in the Paris Declaration and they are slipping on both. They have to conclude the Doha Trade Round in a manner that helps poor countries achieve the MDGs; sadly, not much light is seen at the end of this tunnel. Unregulated global market forces require an international architecture that works to shield the poor from shocks that are not of their own making and completely beyond their ability to absorb. The long-term distortionary impacts of subsidizing agriculture in rich countries which then leads to dumping of agricultural produce on poor countries has eroded the agricultural base in so many poor countries. Now subsidies and incentives for bio-fuels is causing a new kind of distortion leading to serious questioning of unbridled support to first generation bio-fuels that are pushing up corn prices.</p> <p>As we begin the second half of the countdown to 2015, the combined and interlinked increase of food and oil prices is really testing the global political resolve to stay the course on the MDGs. The High Level Event called by the UN Secretary General at the UN on 25 September and the <span class="caps">MDG</span> Call to Action that has already got the support of over 30 countries across the world will help in keeping our eyes firmly set on the destination that we have set sail towards, even as we go through choppy waters. The 43 million people who Stood Up for the MDGs (<a href="http://standagainstpoverty.org">StandAgainstPoverty.org</a>) on 17 Oct 2007, and the hundreds of millions of people living in extreme poverty will expect nothing less.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/end-hunger/news/analysis-world-food-crisis-and-mdgs/28/apr/08#comments Africa End Hunger Asia Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership English agriculture food crisis Mon, 28 Apr 2008 06:35:43 +0000 admin 338 at http://endpoverty2015.org UNMC and African CSOs Meet WIth Liberian President and Co-chair of Post-2015 High Level Panel Ellen Johnson Sirleaf http://endpoverty2015.org/en/cso-meeting-president-ellen-johnson-sirleaf-post2015 The Co-chair of the UN High-level panel on UN Post 2015 Development Framework, Her Excellency President Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia has said that the new global agenda will draw from the voices of the people. Speaking in her office in Monrovia to a group of African CSO Leaders who paid a courtesy call on her, the Co-Chair said that she would pursue a participatory and inclusive leadership in the process. “ At my meeting with fellow leaders in Addis, I will let them know that the successor agenda to the MDGs cannot be hatched from the ivory tower. It has to come from engaging the people from the grassroots. I really believe in this.” <br> <br> ‘The Co-chair is clearly well informed of the responsibility bestowed on her as Co-Chair and is aware of the need for working fast in view of the constraints imposed by the short timeframe for delivering the report, which should be on time for the 2013 UNGA in spite of the slow start in putting the supporting structures and resources in place, said Salina Sanou of ACORD. <br> <br> The co-chair accepted the idea of a need to have her-own local secretariat working with the UN global secretariat and is taking steps to ensure the necessary capacity. <br> <br> President Johnson Sirleaf welcomed the initiatives taken by African CSO coalitions to launch consultations and dialogue ahead of the formal UN process. These post-2015 consultations must also be an opportunity to bring urgency to the achievement of the MDGs in the remaining time. “The remaining three years are ample time enough to make significant progress”, she said. <br> <br> She welcomed the offer by the CSO delegation to establish a secretariat to channel CSO voices and inputs and look forward to engaging. <br> <br> The President also welcomed the plans, announced by the delegation, to organize a pan-African CSOs conference on the post-2015 development agenda and proposed that the timing be moved from September to October when she would have met with the other co-chairs and will be better prepared to engage meaningfully. http://endpoverty2015.org/en/cso-meeting-president-ellen-johnson-sirleaf-post2015#comments Africa End Hunger Universal Education Gender Equity Child Health Maternal Health Combat HIV/AIDS Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership English Beyond 2015 Liberia Post 2015 President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Mon, 16 Jul 2012 17:07:04 +0000 admin 1324 at http://endpoverty2015.org UNMC Launches "And You Didn't Even Know About It:" An Innovative Social Media Campaign to Communicate MDG Progress http://endpoverty2015.org/en/spanish-social-media-campaign-launch-ytusinenterarte <iframe align="middle" width="420" height="315" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/FeKACjBY5gY" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> <br> <br> <strong>From the 6th to the 20th of June 2012, this initiative will ask citizens to donate space on their Facebook or Twitter profiles and communicate major progress achieved on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and in the global fight against poverty. </strong> <br> <br> <strong>Madrid, 6th of June 2012 - </strong> The UN Millennium Campaign today launched an innovative social media campaign in Spanish called “y tu sin enterarte” (“and you didn’t even know about it”) to communicate major MDG achievements over the past decade. From the 6th to the 20th of June 2012, this campaign will ask citizens to donate space on their Facebook and Twitter profiles so they communicate major progress on the MDGs to their friends and followers. <br> <br> “This campaign wants to communicate that over the past decade tremendous progress has been made, and this is something we have achieved together – and which translates into tangible results for millions of men, women and children all over the world; a decline in global poverty, more children in school than ever before, a dramatic drop in child deaths worldwide, 2000 million people have gained access to safe drinking water and the ongoing fight against malaria and HIV/AIDS has already saved millions of lives – we think this must be communicated.” The UN Millennium Campaign Coordinator in Spain said at the launch of the campaign today “We must continue to work together to accelerate progress because a lot still remains to be done”. <br> <br> This campaign focuses mainly on social media, to allow citizens and organizations everywhere to participate directly in communicating these positive messages and inspire commitment. Donating your social profile is easy, by simply going online to <a href="www.ytusinenterarte.org">www.ytusinenterarte.org</a> and accepting an app which will ask you to donate space on either twitter or Facebook. From then on, once a day during the space of a week, a positive MDG related message will appear on your profile and inserted in your usual conversation with your friends and followers. <br> <br> Donating social media space is done through a free app, which leaves no trace or cookies and will disappear from the social profiles of the user once the campaign is over. Throughout the campaign the user remains in control of their Facebook or Twitter accounts and will be able continue to use it in their usual way. <br> <br> This campaign is launched just before Rio+20, the UN Summit on Sustainable Development, which takes place in Rio de Janeiro from the 20th to 22th de June 2012 and which will begin debating “the future we want”. <br> <br> This campaign is the result of the work of many partners, including corporate partners, civil society organizations and media – another example of the extraordinary partnerships and strong concerted efforts that have been formed to advance the MDGs all over the world. http://endpoverty2015.org/en/spanish-social-media-campaign-launch-ytusinenterarte#comments End Hunger Global Spain Universal Education Gender Equity Child Health Europe Maternal Health Combat HIV/AIDS Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership English MDGs Rio+20 Wed, 06 Jun 2012 19:56:05 +0000 admin 1323 at http://endpoverty2015.org Baba Maal promoting MDG Goals 4 and 5 at an event organized by the UN Country Office to support the MDG Campaign http://endpoverty2015.org/en/africa/news/baba-maal-promoting-mdg-goals-4-and-5-event-organized-un-country-office-support-mdg-campaign/31/mar/11 <iframe title="YouTube video player" width="480" height="390" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/7I7avss1Mf0" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> <br> Senegalese Entertainer Baba Maal promoting MDG Goals 4 and 5 at an event organized by the UN Country Office to support the MDG Campaign. The event was jointly organized with the National Civil Society Consortium.(CONGAD) Africa End Hunger Global Universal Education Gender Equity Child Health Maternal Health Combat HIV/AIDS Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership English Thu, 31 Mar 2011 19:09:00 +0000 Miki 1304 at http://endpoverty2015.org Senegal launches Parliamentary MDG Committee to monitor MDG Performance http://endpoverty2015.org/en/africa/news/senegal-launches-parliamentary-mdg-committee-monitor-mdg-performance/31/mar/11 <iframe title="YouTube video player" width="480" height="390" src="http://www.youtube.com/embed/BrgVxCZyLwg" frameborder="0" allowfullscreen></iframe> <br> Senegal launches Parliamentary MDG Committee to monitor MDG Performance. This was a join event by the UN Millennium Campaign and the UN Country Team, lead by the RC. Africa End Hunger Global Universal Education Gender Equity Child Health Maternal Health Combat HIV/AIDS Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership English Thu, 31 Mar 2011 19:07:00 +0000 Miki 1303 at http://endpoverty2015.org African footballers score as U.N. goodwill ambassadors http://endpoverty2015.org/en/africa/news/african-footballers-score-un-goodwill-ambassadors/25/mar/11 <p><span class="caps">DAKAR</span> (AlertNet) &#8211; African solutions to African problems is the mantra of governments across this continent. But what about the goodwill ambassadors that fly around speaking about the issues that touch Africa most deeply, should they be African too?</p> <p>Just days before an Africa Cup of Nations qualifier between Cameroon and Senegal in Dakar, the United Nations named Senegal&#8217;s captain, Mamadou Niang, a champion of the U.N. Millennium Campaign.</p> <p>Niang joins Cameroon&#8217;s Benoit Assou-Ekotto who plays for English team Tottenham Hotspur as a campaigner for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a set of targets world leaders agreed to to significantly reduce poverty, illiteracy and disease by 2015.</p> <p>Niang&#8217;s appointment seems to be part of a slowly shifting trend to promote homegrown stars &#8212; Chelsea&#8217;s Didier Drogba (an Ivorian) and Inter Milan striker Samuel Eto&#8217;o (another Cameroonian) are also U.N. goodwill ambassadors &#8212; in a field usually dominated by the likes of Angelina Jolie, Mia Farrow, Christine Aguilera and other Western celebrities.</p> <p>&#8220;We think that sports and athletes are vectors through which we can transmit vital messages to the society and we believe footballers in particular could sensitise people on issues like poverty alleviation and the MDGs,&#8221; Boubou Dramane Camara, Country Director of the United Nations Development Programme (<span class="caps">UNDP</span>) in Senegal, told me.</p> <p>Whether African or not, the idea of deploying actors, singers and sportsmen to Africa to evangelise on issues related to poverty and development has long had its critics who doubt if they achieve anything other than heaping pity on the continent.</p> <p>&#8220;Because of their thin political background and agendas, the majority of today&#8217;s celebrity activists do not pay much attention to the content of what they do. Most of them have busy schedules so the kinds of briefing they receive are limited by their publicists who control their time,&#8221; analyst Abdul Mohammed blogged for the Social Science Research Council think-tank.</p> <p>The end result of the celebrity do-gooders phenomenon is to reduce Africa to spectacle and Africans to spectators in the destiny of their own continent. It delegitimizes the African state &#8212; which must be the mechanism for development and emancipation &#8212;- and discourages those who try to practice activism in the old-fashioned way, Mohammed argued.</p> <p>Marina Hyde, a columnist for the British newspaper the Guardian asked why entertainers think they could save the world in her book: How Entertainers Took Over the World And Why We Need an Exit Strategy.</p> <p>&#8220;The skillset requirements of this rapidly proliferating modern role remain shadowy, but it seems to have been created as a way to say: &#8216;Sorry about the bombing/famine/pestilence &#8211; we&#8217;ve sent you a celebrity as a goodwill gesture,&#8217; Hyde writes,</p> <p>Would this apply to African football stars who take up ambassadorial roles in the continent of their birth?</p> <p>Many of them grew up in dirt-poor families and were only able to lift themselves out of poverty through sports. Their rags-to-riches stories make them to key to reaching young people across the continent who yearn to follow in their footsteps, according to advocates of their selection as U.N. advocates.</p> <p>&#8220;They are best placed to engage young people but also to do advocacy on behalf of youngsters towards decision makers, politicians and others who are in a position to make decisions that can help eradicate poverty because they can talk in a very simple way and from experience about issues of social concern,&#8221; said Nelson Muffuh, U.N. Millennium Campaign coordinator for West Africa.</p> <p>So it would seem to make more sense to have Cameroon&#8217;s captain Eto&#8217;o, a U.N. Children&#8217;s Fund Goodwill Ambassador who grew up in the poverty stricken neighbourhood of New Bell in Douala, speaking to Africans and their leaders on the importance of poverty alleviation and children&#8217;s rights than, say, England star David Beckham, another <span class="caps">UNICEF</span> goodwill ambassador.</p> <p>&#8220;It is time Africans spoke for themselves about their issues and prove that they know what needs to be done and how to do it and these footballers are living up to that by taking these advocacy roles,&#8221; said an adviser of an African international footballer, who did not want to be named.</p> <p><span class="caps">PHOTO</span> CREDITS: Olympique Marseille&#8217;s Mamadou Niang celebrates after scoring his third goal against Nancy during their French Ligue 1 soccer match at the Velodrome stadium in Marseille, Febuary 21, 2010. REUTERS/Philippe Laurenson</p> Africa End Hunger Global Universal Education Gender Equity Child Health Maternal Health Combat HIV/AIDS Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership English Fri, 25 Mar 2011 15:56:42 +0000 chiara 1301 at http://endpoverty2015.org World Day for Water, 22 March http://endpoverty2015.org/en/english/news/world-day-water-22-march/22/mar/11 <p>As cities around the world struggle to meet the basic needs of their booming populations, many are falling behind when it comes to water, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in a <a href="http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sgsm13456.doc.htm" target="_blank">statement</a> marking World Day for Water.</p> <p>&#8220;Urbanization brings opportunities for more efficient water management and improved access to drinking water and sanitation,&#8221; Ban said. &#8220;At the same time, problems are often magnified in cities,&#8221; he added. &#8220;The Millennium Development Goal target for water and sanitation is among those on which many countries lag the most.&#8221;</p> <p><a href="http://www.undp.org/mdg/goal7.shtml" target="_blank">MDG7</a> includes a call to reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015. Today, nearly half of the world &#8211; 2.5 billion people &#8211; lack access to proper sanitation, and 1.2 billion to adequate water. For more: <a href="http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals" target="_blank">www.un.org/millenniumgoals</a>.</p> <p>Ban called on policymakers &#8220;to recognize the urban water crisis for what it is &#8211; a crisis of governance, weak policies and poor management, rather than one of scarcity.&#8221; He highlighted the &#8220;alarming decline&#8221; in investments that provide poor communities with clean water and sanitation, which has increased those ill-served by 20 percent in the past decade.</p> <p>Water shortages often get attention, but it is the quality and accessibility of water that make the difference between life and death for human beings &#8211; particularly children under age five &#8211; and for the ecosystems on which our well-being depends. Thousands of children are sickened or killed by water-borne illnesses every day, making water a focal point for <a href="http://www.unicef.org" target="_blank">UNICEF</a>&#8216;s efforts.</p> <p>The <a href="http://www.unwater.org/worldwaterday/main_event.html" target="_blank">global observance of World Water Day 2011</a> highlights options for tackling urban water and sanitation challenges across Africa. For other events in the United States and around the world, please <a href="http://www.unwater.org/worldwaterday/events/events-list/en/" target="_blank">click here</a> or find out more at <a href="http://www.worldwatermonitoringday.org/" target="_blank">World Water Monitoring Day</a>. </p> <p>Additional FAQs and information are at <a href="http://www.unwater.org/wwd.html" target="_blank">UN-Water</a>, <a href="http://www.unhabitat.org/categories.asp?catid=270" target="_blank">UN-HABITAT</a>, <a href="http://www.fao.org/nr/water/" target="_blank"><span class="caps">FAO</span> Water</a>. Reports can be found at:<br /> UNESCO&#8217;s <a href="http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/water/" target="_blank">Water for Cities</a><br /> UNEP&#8217;s <a href="http://www.unwater.org/wwd10/downloads/water_quality_outlook.pdf" target="_blank">Water Quality Outlook </a><br /> WHO&#8217;s <a href="http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/glaas/en/" target="_blank">Global Annual Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water</a></p> About the UN Office in Washington <p>As the United Nations office in Washington, D.C, the United Nations Information Center serves as the focal point for UN news and information to advance understanding of the UN and its work, and to serve as a resource for United States government officials, NGOs, civil-society organizations and the American people.</p> End Hunger Global Universal Education Gender Equity Child Health Maternal Health Combat HIV/AIDS North America Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership English Tue, 22 Mar 2011 15:56:22 +0000 chiara 1299 at http://endpoverty2015.org The ‘AIDS and MDGs’ approach http://endpoverty2015.org/en/end-hunger/news/%E2%80%98aids-and-mdgs%E2%80%99-approach/14/mar/11 <p>“Over the past three decades, the HIV/<span class="caps">AIDS</span> epidemic has reminded us of the fundamental linkages between health and development more broadly. It has shown us that, to tackle this deadly virus and its impact, it takes both the best that science and medicine can offer and attention to the basic conditions which shape vulnerability – be they poverty, gender inequalities, or discrimination against marginalized groups.”<br /> Helen Clark,<br /> <span class="caps">UNDP</span> Administrator</p> <p>From the very early days of the global <span class="caps">AIDS</span> epidemic, many have recognized that effective responses must go beyond only providing health information, medical services, drugs and commodities. Early <span class="caps">AIDS</span> strategies in the United Nations family reflected these insights, including the World Health Organization’s (<span class="caps">WHO</span>) emphasis on ‘<span class="caps">AIDS</span> and human rights’ and the United Nations Development Programme’s (<span class="caps">UNDP</span>) focus on ‘<span class="caps">AIDS</span> and development’. By the mid-1990s, the relationship between the <span class="caps">AIDS</span> epidemic and a broad range of social and economic factors was institutionally reflected in the creation of <span class="caps">UNAIDS</span> – a multi-agency, joint UN programme to address the multi-dimensional drivers of the <span class="caps">AIDS</span> epidemic.</p> <p>There have been many challenges to these multi-sectoral approaches. The characterization of <span class="caps">AIDS</span> as a global ‘emergency’ encouraged short-term responses with short-term impact. From the success of anti-retroviral therapy through ever-lengthening timelines for development of an effective vaccine, some have hoped that technology would provide a ‘magic bullet’ that would reduce or eliminate the need to address complex social phenomena. The need to ensure that policy is based on evidence has sometimes undermined commitment to approaches that are more difficult to measure.</p> <p>More recently, several factors have worked together to challenge false dichotomies between ‘medical’ versus ‘multi-sectoral’ strategies or ‘vertical’ versus ‘horizontal’ responses to <span class="caps">AIDS</span>. The global <span class="caps">HIV</span> epidemic will be with us well beyond this generation, so we simultaneously need both short-term impact and long-term thinking. The global economic crisis of 2009 has once again increased attention to cost-effectiveness but with a recognition that the best strategies contribute not just to <span class="caps">HIV</span> results but to other health and development outcomes as well. There is an increasing commitment to ensuring that investments must strengthen health, social protection and other relevant systems while also delivering services and commodities.</p> <p>These changes in the <span class="caps">AIDS</span> response landscape have created an opportunity to explore, strengthen and leverage the links between <span class="caps">AIDS</span> and other health and development issues. The term ‘<span class="caps">AIDS</span> and MDGs’ is gaining currency as an approach that leverages these links – effectively addressing both short- and long-term challenges and impacts of the <span class="caps">HIV</span> epidemic while contributing to the achievement of the wider <span class="caps">MDG</span> agenda.</p> <p>This paper outlines three important pillars of an <span class="caps">AIDS</span> and MDGs approach:<br /> 1. Understanding how <span class="caps">AIDS</span> and the other MDGs impact on one another;<br /> 2. Documenting and exchanging lessons learned across <span class="caps">AIDS</span> and other MDGs; and<br /> 3. Creating cross-<span class="caps">MDG</span> synergy and increasing cost-effectiveness through intervention strategies that simultaneously address <span class="caps">AIDS</span> together with other MDGs.</p> <p>The paper proposes broader policy level implications to move the <span class="caps">AIDS</span> and MDGs approach forward. These recommendations include:</p> <p>1. Map the <span class="caps">HIV</span> epidemic in relation to the broader <span class="caps">MDG</span> and development context. Ensure that the ‘know your epidemic/know your response’ framework examines not just epidemiology but also structural factors that block progress on multiple MDGs and emphasize a picture of the <span class="caps">HIV</span> epidemic that is linked to an understanding of the current status of other MDGs.</p> <p>2. Explore a range of cross-<span class="caps">MDG</span> strategies and scale up promising intervention models. Applying an <span class="caps">HIV</span> lens to a variety of programmes, such as social protection or environmental impact assessments, could maximize opportunities for synergistic action across multiple MDGs, including <span class="caps">HIV</span>.</p> <p>3. Ensure that countries’ policy environments support and sustain the impact of cross-<span class="caps">MDG</span> programmes. In order to have greater impact and coverage, individual intervention programmes should be supported by broader country-level policies that carry the potential for far more sustained and systemic change (e.g., on gender equality) than can be achieved through individual programmes acting in isolation.</p> <p>4. Build <span class="caps">AIDS</span> and <span class="caps">MDG</span> partnerships by reaching out across sectors to engage a broader range of health and development actors. Promote interdisciplinary and multi-sectoral action to successfully design and implement cross-<span class="caps">MDG</span> strategies and transfer lessons across fields.</p> <p>5. Generate best practice models by evaluating <span class="caps">AIDS</span> and <span class="caps">MDG</span> strategies against realistic timeframes. Support further research in order to guide programme and policy development across a range of settings. Because effecting meaningful and measureable shifts in areas such as economic well being, education, or gender equality will require longer timeframes than those afforded by more conventional technical or biomedical interventions, it will be important to link the application of cross-sectoral approaches to robust budget lines that will support substantial, long-term action and project cycles.</p> <p>Because the MDGs explicitly locate <span class="caps">HIV</span> within a broader international commitment to human development targets, an <span class="caps">AIDS</span> and MDGs approach provides a critical platform to galvanize resources, political will, and momentum behind a broader, systematic and structural approach to <span class="caps">HIV</span>, health and development. Moreover, because the Millennium Declaration reaffirms commitments to human rights, an <span class="caps">AIDS</span> and MDGs approach can catalyze greater attention to such rights and their role in achieving multiple MDGs and in translating human rights commitments into meaningful change.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/end-hunger/news/%E2%80%98aids-and-mdgs%E2%80%99-approach/14/mar/11#comments End Hunger Global Universal Education Gender Equity Child Health Maternal Health Combat HIV/AIDS Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership English Mon, 14 Mar 2011 18:25:13 +0000 chiara 1298 at http://endpoverty2015.org What's Being Done to Advance Gender Equality http://endpoverty2015.org/en/end-hunger/news/whats-being-done-advance-gender-equality-marking-100th-anniversary-international-womens-day/08/mar/11 <p>Wednesday, 8 March, marks the 100th anniversary of International Women&#8217;s Day. It is a time to not only celebrate the role of the women worldwide, but it is also an opportunity to remind the world of the struggles that women have faced over the years in the fight for equal rights, dignity and respect.</p> <p>Over the years, the United Nations has paid particular attention to women’s issues, particularly to women’s empowerment as a tool for global development. In fact, according to research and studies, improvements in women’s education and health have led to decreases in child and maternal mortality, reduction in the spread of disease, progress in educational attainments, and an increase in household incomes. The condition of the women is important and vital for global improvement and better social and economic growth.</p> <p>The United Nations has embraced gender equality as one of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The target of <span class="caps">MDG</span> 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women is to eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education by 2005 and in all levels of education by 2015. In addition, <span class="caps">MDG</span> 3 aims to increase both the share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector and the proportion of seats held by women in national parliament.</p> <p>Many countries, including low income and lower middle income countries such as<br /> Bhutan, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Senegal and Yemen, have made impressive strides on the path towards parity in primary education. Fewer countries, however, have managed to increase girls’ participation at both the primary and secondary level at the same pace, but success stories do exist. Bangladesh’s achievement of gender parity in both primary and secondary education even before 2005, despite the country’s poverty and vulnerability to natural disasters, has been acknowledged world-wide. Starting from a very low gender parity index in primary education (0.35) in 1980s, the country closed the gender gap in education within a decade.</p> <p>However, although there has been progress made on gender equality, challenges remain. Since the 1985 Nairobi Women&#8217;s Conference, organizations have formed expectations and demands for incorporating a women&#8217;s rights perspective in all national and regional policies and actions. These were reaffirmed at the Beijing Conference 10 years later, yet there has been little to show for it. In many countries, the unequal status of women is integrated into government policy, giving women’s needs very little priority. Today, women are disproportionately affected by poverty with approximately 70% of the two billion poor people around the world are women; two thirds of illiterate adults are women; and, more than 60 million girls around the world are forced into premature marriage before they turn 18.</p> <p>Achieving <span class="caps">MDG</span> 3 is crucial to the success of all the other MDGs – s<br /> olid evidence has shown that progress in gender equality in one Goal often contributes simultaneously to­ward progress on a number of other development goals. Because of this, last July, to help eradicate gender inequality and advance the condition of women everywhere, the United Nations established <a href="http://www.unwomen.org/" target="_blank">UN Women</a>, the United Nation&#8217;s entity for gender equality and the empowerment of women. Michelle Bachelet, former president of Chile and the first woman leader of that country, was appointed the Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director of the organization. Among other things, Bachelet has consistently fought for social justice and gender equality, and firmly believes that women can make important contributions to the world.</p> <p>Additionally, in September 2010, at the UN <span class="caps">MDG</span> Review Summit, United Nation’s Secretary General Ban Ki-moon reiterated the importance of women by creating a campaign aimed at the advancement of women. The Global Strategy for Women and Children’s Health – <a href="http://www.everywomaneverychild.org/" target="_blank">Every Woman, Every Child </a>– represents a global commitment supported by United Nations, multilateral organizations, academic, and professionals to address key issues such as maternal and child health and mortality leading to the improvement of millions of lives.</p> <p>Action, although sometimes slow, is being taken around the world in countries large and small, as well as in local, national and international settings, to help ease the existing gender gaps. So, in celebration of the International Women’s Day everyday, get involved in programs such as the <a href="http://www.girlup.org/" target="_blank">Girl Up Campaign</a> that empower people like you to become involved in making a difference. Check it out today and make your voice heard; help make gender equality become a lived reality.</p> End Hunger Global Universal Education Gender Equity Child Health Maternal Health Combat HIV/AIDS North America Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership English Tue, 08 Mar 2011 15:44:10 +0000 chiara 1294 at http://endpoverty2015.org