End Poverty 2015 - Official Development Assistance (ODA) http://endpoverty2015.org/en/taxonomy/term/116/0 en Zapatero: MDGs will guide Spanish Development Policy http://endpoverty2015.org/en/spain/news/zapatero-mdgs-will-guide-spanish-development-policy/09/apr/08 <p>The Acting Spanish President, Jose Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, cited the <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org">Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)</a> as the key focus of his governments development and cooperation policies, while giving his inaugural speech in the Spanish Parliament yesterday.</p> <p>In front of the newly elected parliamentarians Zapatero stated, ”The United Nations will be our inspiration for our cooperation and development policy, through the Millennium Development Goals. The UN will also be our guide in the external action of Spain, stressing our support to peacekeeping operations. &#8220;</p> <p>Zapatero also restated his commitment to reach 0,7% of Spanish Gross National Product (<span class="caps">GNP</span> for Official Development Assistance (<span class="caps">ODA</span>) in 2012. &#8220;My conception of Spain, ladies and gentlemen, is a generous country supporting the fight against poverty. Thus, we are going to dedicate 0.7 per cent of our gross domestic product to official development assistance in by 2012.&#8221; </p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/spain/news/zapatero-mdgs-will-guide-spanish-development-policy/09/apr/08#comments Spain Europe Global Partnership English Development Official Development Assistance (ODA) Zapatero Thu, 10 Apr 2008 03:18:00 +0000 admin 327 at http://endpoverty2015.org UN Millennium Campaign Calls for Urgent Reform of EU Agricultural Policy http://endpoverty2015.org/en/europe/news/un-millennium-campaign-calls-urgent-reform-eu-agricultural-policy/30/apr/10 <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">BRUSSELS – At a conference on the impact of the European Union’s (EU) Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) on development, the <a href="redir.aspx?C=7dc69a0fa8974741923be3141ef6fd6f&amp;URL=http%3a%2f%2fwww.endpoverty2015.org%2f" target="_blank"> United Nations Millennium Campaign</a> today called on the EU to urgently reform its agriculture policy, which harms the poor and thwarts global efforts to achieve the <a href="redir.aspx?C=7dc69a0fa8974741923be3141ef6fd6f&amp;URL=http%3a%2f%2fwww.endpoverty2015.org%2fgoals" target="_blank"> Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)</a>.</p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">“An unreformed European agriculture policy will continue to hamper the EU’s and other donors’ efforts to eradicate poverty and will perpetuate human suffering,” said <a href="redir.aspx?C=7dc69a0fa8974741923be3141ef6fd6f&amp;URL=http%3a%2f%2fwww.endpoverty2015.org%2fen%2fabout%2fpeople%2feveline-herfkens" target="_blank"> Eveline Herfkens</a>, Founder of the UN Millennium Campaign. “It is now time for the EU to deliver on its development promises, reiterated in last week’s <a href="redir.aspx?C=7dc69a0fa8974741923be3141ef6fd6f&amp;URL=http%3a%2f%2fec.europa.eu%2fdevelopment%2fservices%2fdev-policy-proposals_en.cfm" target="_blank"> MDG Action Plan</a>, and ensure that agricultural policies and subsidies benefit European rural development and the environment in such a way that does not hurt developing countries.<span style="color: black;">”</span></p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">The highly commendable role the EU plays as the world’s largest donor of development aid is being undermined by the effects of its own agricultural policy, which has become a burden for world food security and prevents poor countries from lifting themselves out of poverty.</p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">“The biggest challenge the EU’s development aspirations are facing is the lack of policy coherence.” said <a href="redir.aspx?C=7dc69a0fa8974741923be3141ef6fd6f&amp;URL=http%3a%2f%2fwww.oecd.org%2fdocument%2f15%2f0%2c3343%2cen_2649_33721_2789711_1_1_1_1%2c00.html" target="_blank"> Eckhard Deutscher</a>, Chair of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC). “The trade, development, agriculture and environmental policies are simply out of sync with regard to developing countries.”</p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black;">“Subsidies have led to agricultural overproduction, lowering world prices and prompting EU farmers to dump their products abroad,” said Teresa Cavero, Head of Research for Intermon Oxfam. “Even the last CAP reform in 2003 did not change that; in developing countries, cheap agricultural imports continue to reduce [the] competitiveness of local farmers, destroy productive capacities, deter agricultural investments and endanger the livelihoods of poor smallholding farmers.”</span></p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black;">Consecutive reforms </span>to make the CAP <span style="color: black;">less harmful for developing countries</span> have been insufficient.<span style="color: black;"> Subsidized agricultural products are still obstructing fair competition and poor countries’ access to the European market remains limited. The EU has kept certain tariffs and administrative hurdles prohibitively high, creating further obstacles for poor countries’ farmers.</span></p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p class="x_MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">“The CAP reform will be a reality check for the European Commission’s MDG Action Plan”, said <a href="redir.aspx?C=7dc69a0fa8974741923be3141ef6fd6f&amp;URL=http%3a%2f%2fwww.gabi-zimmer.de%2findex.php%3fid%3d5" target="_blank"> Gabriele Zimmer</a>, Member of the European Parliament. “<span style="color: black;">As we will soon enter into the negotiations over the next EU budget, we need to fundamentally reform a subsidies regime that stands for waste at home and damage abroad,” the member of the development committee added.</span></p> <p><a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/en/mdgs/resource/give-development-chance" target="_blank">Download the brochure "Give Development a Chance: Europe’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) needs urgent reform"</a></p> Europe English CAP Official Development Assistance (ODA) Fri, 30 Apr 2010 17:57:35 +0000 Sebastian Majewski 803 at http://endpoverty2015.org Aiuti allo sviluppo, l'Onu boccia l'Italia http://endpoverty2015.org/en/italy/news/aiuti-allo-sviluppo-lonu-boccia-litalia/04/apr/08 <p>L’Italia è «sempre più lontana» dal rispetto dei propri impegni per raggiungere gli Obiettivi del Millennio e «sempre meno credibile» ai tavoli internazionali. Per questo, «è auspicabile che il nuovo governo dia un segno di novità e di modernità». A bacchettare i risultati delle politiche allo sviluppo italiane, dopo la pubblicazione dei dati Ocse-Dac 2007 sull’Aiuto pubblico allo sviluppo (Aps), è la Campagna Onu del Millennio. Per l’organismo internazionale, i dati sull’Italia sono «inaccettabili» soprattutto perchè si inseriscono «in uno scenario in cui partner europei come la Spagna aumentano le risorse del 33,8% e partner del G8 come la Germania le aumentano del 5,9%».</p> <p>«Naturalmente oltre a un necessario incremento degli aiuti», ha dichiarato Marina Ponti, direttrice europea per la Campagna delle Nazioni Unite per gli Obiettivi del Millennio, «il nuovo governo dovrà attuare in tempi brevi una riforma strutturale della cooperazione che adegui l’Italia ai partner europei e la renda un vero attore internazionale».</p> Italy Italian DAC OECD Official Development Assistance (ODA) Fri, 04 Apr 2008 20:04:53 +0000 admin 315 at http://endpoverty2015.org Former French minister to spearhead innovative financing http://endpoverty2015.org/en/global-partnership/news/former-french-minister-spearhead-innovative-financing/19/feb/08 <p>With official development assistance (<span class="caps">ODA</span>) still insufficient to achieve global anti-poverty targets by 2015, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has appointed France’s former foreign minister Philippe Douste-Blazy to develop and promote new sources of funding, citing the urgent need to fill this critical gap.</p> <p>Mr. Douste-Blazy, appointed as Mr. Ban’s Special Adviser on Innovative Financing for Development, currently serves as Chairman of the Executive Board of <span class="caps">UNITAID</span> – the international drug purchase facility hosted by the UN World Health Organization (<span class="caps">WHO</span>).</p> <p>A doctor by profession, he has held ministerial posts in the French Government in health, culture and foreign affairs. During his tenure as France’s foreign minister, Mr. Douste-Blazy strongly advocated for the creation of <span class="caps">UNITAID</span> and the implementation in France of a solidarity levy on airline tickets aimed at supporting the achievement of the <a href="/http://endpoverty2015.org/goals">Millennium Development Goals</a> (MDGs).</p> <p>Among his tasks in his new post will be to promote <span class="caps">UNITAID</span> and other sources of innovative financing for the achievement of the MDGs and to ensure they are coordinated with the global development agenda.</p> <p>“We are halfway in the timetable with the deadline in 2015, but we are not halfway in terms of results,” Mr. Douste-Blazy told reporters today in New York. “The truth is we are late.”</p> <p>He noted that there has been progress in just about every area, but it was not enough, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Above all, global development assistance has fallen for the first time in 10 years.</p> <p>“This is a very important issue for the twenty-first century,” he said, adding that it is crucial to integrate the notion of innovative financing into the global development agenda as soon as possible.</p> <p>To that end, he is planning to convene next year the first-ever world conference devoted solely to innovative financing, which will focus on the development funds provided by citizens, local and regional authorities, foundations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), economic and social representatives, faith groups and the private sector.</p> <p>Born in 1953, Mr. Douste-Blazy graduated in medical studies in Toulouse and worked as a cardiologist. He became Professor of Medicine at the Toulouse Sciences University in 1988. In addition to holding posts in the French Government, he also served in the European Parliament.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/global-partnership/news/former-french-minister-spearhead-innovative-financing/19/feb/08#comments Global Partnership Ban Ki-moon innovative financing for development Official Development Assistance (ODA) Philippe Douste-Blazy UN Wed, 20 Feb 2008 00:08:32 +0000 admin 266 at http://endpoverty2015.org SPAIN: The fight against poverty hits the electoral campaign http://endpoverty2015.org/en/spain/news/spain-fight-against-poverty-hits-electoral-campaign/15/feb/08 <p>The <a href="http://www.pobrezacero.org">Spanish Alliance Against Poverty</a> gathered representatives from three main political parties in Spain &#8211; <span class="caps">PSOE</span>, PP and IU- to discuss their electoral proposals to address international poverty and inequality, before the upcoming general elections on March 9. During the debate the political representatives and the pubic talked about cooperation, trade and immigration policies.</p> <p>The questions of the Spanish Alliance Against Poverty-a civil society platform formed by trade unions, NGOs and environmental organizations, youth, women, and citizens&#8217; groups, representing more than 1,000 social organizations- focused on the political commitments to achieve the <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/goals" title="MDGs">Millennium Development Goals</a>, the need to improve and increase <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/taxonomy/term/116" title="ODA">official development assistance</a>, tackling external debt and ensuring a fair trade system for all countries.</p> <p>At the debate, and following the Alliance’s demands, the three political representatives agreed to consider the quality of aid as the key issue for the next legislative period, especially given that all parties have committed to allocate 0.7% of <span class="caps">GNP</span> to official development assistance by 2012.</p> <p>The Alliance also called for concrete steps to address the lack of coherence between European policies on migration and international trade and the principles of equitable and sustainable development. Initiatives such as the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), promoted by the EU and rejected by African countries a recent summit in Lisbon, have failed to adequately create consistency and cohesion between development policy and trade policy.</p> <p>On the debt release front, the debate focused on the <span class="caps">FAD</span> credits, one of the existing mechanisms generating debt in Spain &#8212; managed until now by the Ministry of Economy. The three political representatives were in favour of reforming this system: for the IU representative, this reform was one of its legislative priorities for the next years and the <span class="caps">PSOE</span> delegate supports a policy that would no longer count <span class="caps">FAD</span> credits as <span class="caps">ODA</span>. The PP proposed continued support for debt swap: a practice where debt is cancelled in exchange for social investment in education by the debtor nation.</p> <p>Finally, the Spanish Alliance Against Poverty asked political parties about the creation of the State Board for Social Corporate Responsibility. The wanted more information on how this institution will influence Spanish multinationals abroad and ensure decent work and respect for human rights. All the parties agreed on the importance of this regulatory Council. IU also considered necessary a Corporate Social Responsibility Law.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/spain/news/spain-fight-against-poverty-hits-electoral-campaign/15/feb/08#comments Spain Global Partnership Alianza Espanola Contra La Pobreza elections Official Development Assistance (ODA) Spanish Alliance Against Poverty trade Fri, 15 Feb 2008 16:10:04 +0000 admin 263 at http://endpoverty2015.org Spain: National Pact Against Poverty http://endpoverty2015.org/en/global-partnership/resource/spain-national-pact-against-poverty <p>The Coordinating Committee for the Development NGOs in Spain (<span class="caps">CONGDE</span>) was responsible for bringing together all political parties represented at the Spanish parliament to sign the historic pact against poverty. The landmark agreement serves as a framework for Spain&#8217;s commitment to the <a href="/goals">Millennium Development Goals</a> with emphasis on <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/taxonomy/term/116">Official Development Assistance</a> (<span class="caps">ODA</span>), the Paris Agenda and other Debt and Trade issues. The full agreement is available in English within the <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/files/Pacto%20de%20Estado%20contra%20la%20Pobreza_ingl%C3%A9s%20def.pdf">attached <span class="caps">PDF</span> document</a>.</p> Global Partnership Debt Official Development Assistance (ODA) Paris Agenda Mon, 28 Jan 2008 16:12:22 +0000 admin 193 at http://endpoverty2015.org Spanish Political Parties United in Fight Against Poverty http://endpoverty2015.org/en/spainnews/spanish-political-parties-united-fight-against-poverty/20/dec/07 <p>MADRID- Following the Coordinating Committee for Development NGOs in Spain proposal; Spanish political parties signed a state-wide agreement restating their commitment to fight poverty.</p> <p>In a ceremony held yesterday at the Circulo de Bellas Artes in Madrid, the Coordinating Committee for the Development NGOs in Spain (<span class="caps">CONGDE</span>) brought together all political parties represented at the Spanish parliament to sign a historic pact against state poverty.</p> <p>The pact aims to establish strong and lasting commitment in the fight against poverty, in order for cooperation policies to be maintained over time. Which would ensure compliance beyond any change of government. </p> <p>The agreement highlights the MDGs as the international framework to eradicate poverty and urges Spanish political parties to ensure commitment on <span class="caps">MDG</span> 8. The text includes the compromise to reach 0.7 of <span class="caps">GDP</span> for <span class="caps">ODA</span> by 2012, the compliance with the Paris Declaration specifically on donor coordination and the decreasing of tied aid, the commitment to invest 20% of the Official Development Assistance (<span class="caps">ODA</span>) on social services, and the need for reaching coherence between trade, agricultural and cooperation politics. </p> <p>&#8220;This signing is an event of extraordinary value that reflects the will and commitment of political parties to expand and consolidate the progress made in the Spanish Development Cooperation. It also includes recognition of the role of the NGOs in monitoring and improving cooperation,&#8221; said Jose M ª Medina Rey, president of the Coordinating Committee for the Development NGOs in Spain.</p> <p><span class="caps">CONGDE</span> promoted the initiative for over a year and a half. The political parties represented in Parliament unanimously approved the final text. As Jose Maria Medina points out, &#8220;this state agreement is their response to a social demand for a greater involvement of Spain to eradicate extreme poverty in the world.&#8221; </p> <p>All the political parties highlighted the work done by <span class="caps">CONGDE</span> in the last years, emphasing its strong commitment to the monitoring and enforcement of this pact. </p> <p>Mr. Jose Blanco (<span class="caps">PSOE</span> representative): &#8220;Today is a day for celebration. The message of unity and commitment that represents this pact puts Spain at the forefront of the fight against poverty.&#8221; </p> <p>Ms. Ana Pastor (PP representative): &#8220;It is a compact copy of consensus, above all for the future.&#8221; </p> <p>Ms. Montserrat Munoz (IU representative): &#8220;This is a very ambitious pact. If a as a legislature we can reach what is in this text, we will achieve a breakthrough.&#8221; </p> <p>Mr. Carles Campuzano (CiU representative): &#8220;Behind this consensus is the work of Spanish civil society. Without their engagement we would not be here today signing this pact. The challenge for us is now to turn rhetoric into reality.&#8221; </p> <p>Ms. Laia Cañigueral (<span class="caps">ERC</span> representative): &#8220;It is an honour to be able to sign this agreement today. In addition, <span class="caps">ERC</span> commits to monitor its compliance.&#8221; </p> <p>Mr. Aitor Esteban (<span class="caps">PNV</span> representative): &#8220;This document sets out basic lines in the area of future development cooperation.&#8221; </p> <p>Joan Herrera (<span class="caps">ICV</span> representative): &#8220;Today we do not take a small step, but a major step forward in the fight against poverty. We have now a tool to demand compliance.&#8221; </p> <p>Ms. Olaia Fernandez (<span class="caps">BNG</span> representative): &#8220;Exhibiting our commitment that we are not only signatory of the pact, but followers of the same.&#8221; </p> <p>The state agreement has also moved to the municipal and regional level, to ensure compliance. So far it has been already subscribed by the regional governments of La Rioja, Cantabria, Navarra and the Balearic Islands and the cities of Zaragoza, Logrono, Tolosa, Toledo, Talavera de la Reina, Ciudad Real and Puertollano.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/spainnews/spanish-political-parties-united-fight-against-poverty/20/dec/07#comments Spain Global Partnership CONGDE Official Development Assistance (ODA) Fri, 21 Dec 2007 02:47:25 +0000 admin 169 at http://endpoverty2015.org Fighting Poverty and Climate Change must go hand in hand, concludes eminent panel http://endpoverty2015.org/en/asianews/fighting-poverty-and-climate-change-must-go-hand-hand-concludes-eminent-panel/11/dec/07 <p>Bert Koenders, Minister for Development Cooperation for the Government of Netherlands, called for adaptation funding from developed countries to be clearly in addition to <span class="caps">ODA</span> commitments. Speaking at a side event organized jointly by the Government of Indonesia and the <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org">UN Millennium Campaign</a>, he cautioned that climate change should not become an excuse for developed countries to create more non-tariff barriers. </p> <p>Mari Pangestu, Minister for Trade, Republic of Indonesia, underlined that development is the common denominator in the trade negotiations under the Doha Round and in the Climate Change discussions in Bali. The impact on the <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/goals">MDGs</a> and poor people should be the touchstone on which we can judge the success of these talks she emphasized.</p> <p>In his first international appearance, Minister Peter Garrett, reiterated the new Australian Government’s strong commitment to both meeting the MDGs and Climate Change agenda with a particular focus on the Pacific and other neighbouring countries.</p> <p>Atiq Rahman, key author of the <span class="caps">IPCCC</span> Report, and a leading climate change thinker from Bangladesh, reminded the audience that poor people do not have a choice on whether they will address climate change or poverty first.</p> <p><a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/about/people/salil-shetty">Salil Shetty</a>, Director, Millennium Campaign, emphasised that the MDGs were absent from the Climate Change discourse in spite of one of the MDGs being focused on environment and climate change. </p> <p>The event was moderated by the UN Ambassador for MDGs in Asia Pacific with a welcome address from Bambang Widianto, Expert Staff to the Minister of National Development Planning for Human Resources and Poverty Affairs, Government of Indonesia.</p> <p>Also available for interview at the side event and throughout the UN Conference on Climate Change:</p> <ul> <li>H.E Erna Witoelar, UN Special Ambassador for <span class="caps">MDGS</span> in Asia and The Pacific: Ms Witoelar is a former member of the National Assembly of Indonesia. She currently serves as chairperson of the Indonesia Biodiversity Foundation (<span class="caps">KEHATI</span>), co-chair of the Partnership for Governance Reform in Indonesia, and an Earth Charter Commissioner (based in Costa Rica).</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Minar Pimple, UN Millennium Campaign Deputy Director, Asia: As Deputy Director of the UN Millennium Campaign Asia, Mr Pimple leads the Campaign’s work in Asia Pacific, working with civil society organisations, youth and student organisations, media, local authorities and parliamentarian to facilitate their engagement to hold their governments to account towards fulfilment of <span class="caps">MDGS</span>. Since 1977, Minar Pimple, has worked on the issues of poverty and low levels of socio-economic-political development in India sin 1977. </li> </ul> <p>For more information or to arrange interviews with any of the above please contact: <br /> Mandy Kibel, UN Millennium Campaign Deputy Director, Communications, <br /> New York<br /> Tel: +1 212 906 6242 (O) <br /> +1 917 916 1694 (cell) <br /> e-mail: mandy.kibel@undp.org</p> <p>Wilson T.P. Siahaan, Policy Specialist to UN Ambassador for MDGs in Asia Pacific<br /> Jakarta Tel.(+62 21) 3141308 (O) <br /> +62 811883929 (cell) <br /> email: wilson.siahaan@undp.org</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/asianews/fighting-poverty-and-climate-change-must-go-hand-hand-concludes-eminent-panel/11/dec/07#comments Asia Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership adaption financing Bali climate change Official Development Assistance (ODA) Tue, 11 Dec 2007 14:22:16 +0000 admin 162 at http://endpoverty2015.org Making aid work, and developing country governments act, to achieve the Millennium Goals http://endpoverty2015.org/en/node/93 <h1>I. Discussion of William Easterly&rsquo;s views on Aid</h1> <p>Before we spend the whole evening dicussing aid, I want to agree with Easterly &#8211; and many others before him &#8211; that <span class="caps">TRADE</span> is more important than aid.&nbsp; Goal 8 is as much about the way rich countries&nbsp; undermine the opportunities&nbsp; for poor countries to take their responsibilities, because of the way we deliver aid, and because of our trade policies, which deny poor countries the chance to earn their way out of poverty by selling their products on our rich consumer markets. Even worse, our agricultural&nbsp; policies destroy their local markets: 70% of the world&rsquo;s poor live in rural areas, depend on agriculture, but can not compete against our subsidized exports. In the meantime in Europe, these policies cost the average European family 100 euros a month, without helping our own poor farmers, or our environment.<br /> I also agree with his attack on the insulting paternalism of some parts of the international aid community &ndash; as if it is just up to us to fix global poverty- in total denial of the primary responsibility of the developing countries&nbsp; to fix themselves &ndash; as agreed in numerous international conferences, and.&nbsp; embedded in the division of labor in the MDG&rsquo;s. <br /> Achievement of the Millennium Goals will not happen unless developing country governments take full responsibility for their actions and their governments&nbsp; work properly: That&rsquo;s the &ldquo;<span class="caps">GLOBAL</span> DEAL&rdquo;, concluded at the Monterrey conference: no excuses &ndash; even in the poorest country. Moreover, even in the most aid-dependent countries aid is a minor part of overall development finance. The way a country spends its <span class="caps">OWN</span> resources is much more relevant for the achievement of the goals..<br /> Those who deny that developing&nbsp; countries&nbsp; have the primary responsibility for their own development and that deny there are serious problems with governance, including, but not just corruption, are not being helpful in the fight against poverty.</p> <p>So Easterly is right when he attacks simplifications as if money, let alone aid can &ldquo;buy&rdquo; achievement of the MDGs or end poverty. Particularly, traditional &ldquo;Technical Assistance&rdquo; (or &ldquo;Cooperation&rdquo; as the euphemisme goes today) fits in perfectly with the myth of Western superiority &ndash; and even reinforces it: we lecture &ndash; you listen; we give &ndash; you receive; we know &ndash; you learn; we take care of things &ndash; because you can&rsquo;t. Undermining Africans&rsquo; selfconfidence &ndash; we take over. Neo-colonoliasm, is what I call it&hellip; ( but we do face this powerful lobby for the interests of our domestic Technical Asssitance industry). Or as an African friend of mine once told me: &ldquo; When you move to Africa, you are per definition an expat expert. But when I move to Europe I am only an immigrant&rdquo;</p> <p>In the meantime, independent evaluations have been telling us for decades that massive technical assistance has often weakened capacity in Africa, including by displacing local expertise. Nevertheless even today a quarter of <span class="caps">ODA</span> to Africa (and the number for Germany is even higher&hellip;) continues to be spent on this The attitude of &ldquo;we (standing for experts/money) will save Africa ; &ldquo;we&rdquo; will end poverty leads to undermining incentives for poor people to demand action from their own government. The most important aid reform is to realize that we donors do not develop developing countries, but that they develop themselves. This implies that we need to realise that our role is to enable them to take full responsibility.&nbsp; This was what was agreed when making the global deal of the Millennium Development Goals. &nbsp;<br /> Outsiders &ndash;donors &ndash; simply can <span class="caps">NOT</span> ensure sustainable education, health, or poverty reduction for developing countries&rsquo; citizens: that is the responsibility of their <span class="caps">OWN</span> government. This implies donors have to deliver aid in a fashion that does not allow developing country governments to shirk that responsibility, nor shift their citizens&rsquo; expectations away from their own governments to those of the donors. <br /> Finally, I&nbsp; wholeheartedly agree with Easterly&rsquo;s criticisms of certain aid practices: <br /> &bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;too much goes to countries that do not need external concessional&nbsp; resources &ndash; because of geopolitical and&nbsp; foreign policy reasons;<br /> &bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;tied aid, motivated by donor economic or export promotion reasons;<br /> &bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;donor tendencies&nbsp; to &ldquo;plant their flags&rdquo; in all countries and every sector, leading to inefficiencies, fragmentation, and, may I add, huge transaction costs for recipients.</p> <p>In summary, I agree with Easterly that there is very little point in increasing aid unless it is made more effective. In the past, the typical model of aid was a plethora of donor-driven isolated projects. At best, these projects were islands of perfection in the midst of seas of despair. And even these projects usually fell rapidly into decay once the donor left, as governments could not afford to continue to pay doctors or teachers, or even the electricity bills.&nbsp; Moreover, each project &#8211; of which there might be thousands &ndash; burdened the government with a host of rules and reporting requirements, draining weak local capacity, leaving governments unable to run their own countries. Worse still, governments felt accountable to donors and not to their own citizens, undermining governance. This aid did not work because it was based on the assumption that donors develop poor countries. They do not.&nbsp; Aid by itself cannot &ldquo;buy&rdquo; the MDG&rsquo;s . Particularly &ldquo;one project (or village) at a time&rdquo;&nbsp; will not make a dent, as it bypasses&nbsp; and ignores government policies and responsibilities. <br /> Developing countries develop themselves, and they must be allowed to assume this responsibility and be accountable to their citizens. This is what the Millennium Goals are about: An agreement between governments of rich countries and poor each of which must be held accountable by their citizens. But this &ldquo;deal&rdquo; also acknowledged that poor countries cannot do it by themselves:they do need aid&hellip;<br /> So, I strongly disagree with Easterly&rsquo;s conclusion that if aid does not work, we&nbsp; should quit the aid business. We should not throw our the baby with the bathwater.<br /> Regarding his specific criticisms: where &ldquo;aid&rdquo;&nbsp; is given for geopolitical or export promotion objectives, it was never intended to reduce poverty; thus we&nbsp; should not&nbsp; be surprised if it did not.<br /> We need to condemn where aid failed. But &ndash; while aid is not the miracle answer, we should not dismiss it, but should draw the lessons from where it succeeded, and build&nbsp; these them into the aid programs of all needy countries.</p> <p>Aid works, when it backs serious home grown social and economic reforms. Mozambique, one of the poorest countries in the world, has made giant steps in development &#8211; more than 7% , uninterrupted growth&nbsp; per year for more than 20 years, and on track for most MDGs &#8211; while heavily depending on aid. But the aid it received was increasingly aligned with its development priorities; and donors minimized the burden they imposed on the governement by harmonizing their procedures; over the last years most aid was given it in the form of budget support. <br /> Easterly&nbsp; is out of touch with what&nbsp; is happening in the aid business. Now, seriously, for the first time in aid history&nbsp; we do have a broad-ranging agenda of measures to ensure that future aid genuinely contributes to development. This agenda is outlined in the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness to which almost all donor countries and many developing countries are signed up. <br /> The Declaration aims to improve ownership of the development process by the recipient, and to ensure that donors assist by aligning their policies and procedures to those of the recipient. In addition, the Declaration requires donors to streamline and harmonise their practices and requires all players to focus on tangible results. It also recognises the mutual responsibility of rich and poor countries for development. These aims are not just slogans or buzzwords &ndash; each is backed up by a series of practical reforms, deeply grounded in reality, and responding to past failures. We&nbsp; do not have a silver bullet, that will magically improve everything. But we have the beginnings for a more effective partnership that will ensure that aid contributes to the achievement of&nbsp; the MDGs.</p> <p>If we can implement this agenda, then we will have gone a long way in ensuring that aid responds to genuine local needs, builds local capacity to manage development, and makes governments responsible and accountable. </p> <h1>II. Developing Countries&rsquo; Responsibilities for&nbsp; the <span class="caps">MDGS</span> </h1> <p>For achieving the MDGs, developing countries have the primary responsibility. The following issues are key to deliver results:<br /> 1. The Budget<br /> Accountable and effective management of public financial resources is critical.&nbsp;&nbsp; According to recent World Bank estimates approximately 5% of Global <span class="caps">GDP</span> still disappear through corruption and mismanagement.&nbsp; This figure is much higher in developing countries that are lagging in achieving the goals.&nbsp; If the Millennium Goals are to be achieved scarce resources must be spent on the needs of the people.&nbsp; To get there, we need full transparency in budget processes and to ensure that policies are indeed pro-poor, gender-sensitive, as well as allow for sufficient public expenditures for basic social services;.and that public spending accrues to the poor, instead of to the rich, as is actually the case in most developing countries. Public finance is not just about expenditures.&nbsp; Iit is also important to maximize revenues, e.g. by fair and effective tax legislation.&nbsp; Domestic revenue mobilization is the only sustainable long term option for financing development. Resource-rich countries shoould join the Extractive Industry Transparency </p> <p>Initiative (<span class="caps">EITI</span>) ensuring disclosure of all revenues from multinational mining operations. Here I pay tribute to Peter Eigen, without whom this issue would never have been on the international agenda</p> <p>2.Sectoral Policies<br /> Sectoral policies need to be translated into effective service delivery (in health, education, sanitation, water, etc.) for all citizens all over the country;.ensure that all policies (including trade and tax), do not discriminate against the rural poor in their constituencies and that the government invests enough in rural development.&nbsp; Also, small farmers need support to get access to credit and markets.&nbsp; And we must not forget that&nbsp; trade policies need to be sufficiently pro-poor.&nbsp; In many developing countries protective trade barriers in fact protect the rich, at the expense of the poor. </p> <p>3. Legislation<br /> In many countries inheritance, property and tax laws urgently need to be renewed to ensure women can fully participate and contribute to development.&nbsp; Also, in order for poor people to lift themselves out of poverty by unleashing their entrepreneurial spirit, legal reform is needed to improve the business climate particularly for domestic investors.&nbsp; In many developing countries the volume of capital flight is actually larger than that of aid received. </p> <p>4. Governance<br /> Last but not least, is the cross-cutting issue of improving governance, to create the capable state that is needed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. This means&nbsp; improving quality and efficiency of the public sector,&nbsp; modernizing and reforming the bureaucracy, decentralization through empowerment of local authorities, and&nbsp; ensuring that political processes are inclusive, not just politically representative through elected parliaments.&nbsp; Robust public participation through media and civil society, particularly those groups that give voice to minorities and women that are at risk of missing the goals, is key. Active participation of citizens and their organizations at both the planning and implementation stages can help to ensure transparent and accountable government mechanisms that are responsive to the needs of all sections of the population.&nbsp; Only then can corruption be effectively fought and the huge &ldquo;integrity dividend&rdquo; be redeployed. Again: tribute to Peter Eigen.&nbsp; While most of us were dreaming of the &ldquo;peace dividend&rdquo;-which never materialized, his efforts are starting to pay dividends&#8230; </p> <h1><span class="caps">III</span>. Aid Effectiveness</h1> <p>It is the primary responsibility of <span class="caps">DEVELOPING</span> countries to achieve the Millenniun Goals; and they are only likely to meet their commitments if they are held to account on their actions or inaction at home, by their own citizens and their elected representatives, and not &ndash; as too often has been the case &ndash; by donors from overseas.&nbsp; But it is also the way that we deliver(ed) our aid that undermines developing countries taking charge.<br /> Traditional aid practices have undermined governments&rsquo; capacity to govern well: this is perhaps the single greatest lesson from the past 40 years of development.&nbsp; The stand-alone donor-led project approach to development undermines local capacities, and the chances of achieving sustainable development.&nbsp; It does so in the following ways:<br /> &bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Donors poach the best and most talented staff from government Ministries to manage their projects and offer salaries higher than those the domestic civil service&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;can ever afford; <br /> &bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;A raft of small, stand-alone projects implemented by different donors with different ways of working, different administrative, financial and reporting procedures, with a series of monitoring meetings, result in a massive and wasteful workload for development country governments, with already weak and fragile institutional capacity.&nbsp; Imagine a civil servant in the Ministry of Finance&nbsp; in Zambia&nbsp; with fragile&nbsp; limited institutional capacity having to produce thousands of quarterly reports to all these different donors. The end result is that governments do not have the time or the capacity to run&nbsp; the country, and the policies, programmes and budgets required for development and the achievement of the MDGs, let alone be accountable to their own citizens.(Tanzania asked donors for 2 months a year &ldquo;mission free&rdquo;&hellip;..)<br /> &bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Furthermore, these projects are outside the budget and definitely not subject to domestic auditing systems.&nbsp; This has led to eroding the appropriate accountability of developing country governments to their own Auditors General, their parliaments, their citizens, and their civil society. Without such overall accountability, the Goals will not be achieved.</p> <p>Even if such projects&nbsp; reflected local priorities, as they were not embedded in government policies, programs and budgets, they failed to result in the kind of systemic changes which ensure sustainable long term overall progress. Worse, projects have a bias for &ldquo;visible&rdquo; investments allowing photo opportunities for development ministers and plaques on the walls of schools or hospitals reminding future generations&nbsp; of &ldquo;the solidarity of the Swedish/Dutch or whichever people&rdquo;. &nbsp;<br /> During their implementation projects might create islands of paradise in oceans of misery, which, however, collapse back into the ocean the moment the donor leaves&hellip;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;<br /> Sub Sahara Africa is littered with decaying unused primary school and health post buildings, built by donors, without thinking of who was going to pay the nurses,teachers after they had left, resulting in an ever growing claim on their tiny&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;budget for recurrent costs for investments&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;outside&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;of their own development plans.&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;<br /> Developing country governments must set their own priorities in full collaboration with their own citizens, particularly the poorest, and they must manage and be responsible for the development process themselves. But most of all, they have to be accountable to their own citizens for all of this.&nbsp; &nbsp;<br /> But to enable them to take that responsibility, we &ndash; donors &#8211; need to radically change the design and implementation of all of our aid. <br /> &bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;We must support homegrown poverty reduction strategies and <span class="caps">MDG</span> plans.&nbsp; We must allow priorities to be defined locally and ensure that recipients don&rsquo;t look at us as their paymasters, discounting the views and priorities of their own people. Governments are accountable to their own citizens first and foremost, instead of to us, foreign donors.&nbsp; We must stop thinking about &ldquo;our&rdquo; German or Dutch or Japanese projects, and instead think about &ldquo;their&rdquo; development process.&nbsp; We must move away from building &ldquo;our&rdquo; schools or hospitals to supporting &ldquo;their&rdquo; education or health policies.<br /> &bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;We have to align our efforts &ndash; both our policies and our procedures &ndash; to those of the developing country, reflecting our aid in their budget &ndash; providing critical opportunity for their parliaments and citizens to engage and exact accountability.<br /> &bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;And, as a donor community we must coordinate and harmonise our efforts. </p> <p>The good news is that, at the <span class="caps">OECD</span> donors did acknowledge they were part of the problem and promised in the Paris Declaration in the Spring of 2005 to become part of the solution. They committed to respect home-grown strategies; to align donor support to these; to work together to coordinate and harmonize procedures; and to do away with individual projects, evaluations and missions. They even agreed to concrete measurable performance indicators and deadlines for the achievement&nbsp; of these commitments: e.g. to produce joint analysis; have joint missions;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;streamline and harmonize procedures and practices; and&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;run more joint&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;programs. And recipient countries committed to improve their procurement&nbsp; and public financial management.<br /> The ultimate way to respect ownership and align with recipients&rsquo;policy and budget is by giving budget&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;support. Some&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; donors (and the Bundestag Budget Committee more than anyone) are hesitant to do so, even in countries that have a track record of spending aid well, as they work on improving their governance and have decent poverty reduction strategies. Actually, independent evaluations of budget support&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;have&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;been&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;quite positive:&nbsp; the DAC&rsquo;s&nbsp; Multi donor Evaluation on General Budget Support (<span class="caps">GBS</span>) &ldquo;found no evidence that budget support funds were in practice more affected by corruption than other forms of aid&rsquo;.&nbsp; On the&nbsp; contrary, <span class="caps">GBS</span> is an effective means to limit the scope for corruption given its proven contribution to the strengthening of public finance management. Indeed <span class="caps">GBS</span> is the first aid instrument that creates genuine incentives on both sides (donors feel they need more safeguards; recipients want to qualify for <span class="caps">GBS</span>) to care for and invest in improved public finance management, including procurement, domestic transparency and accountability.&nbsp; As the evaluation concluded, budget support, indeed, played a central role in strengthening public financial management.</p> <p>And,what is appreciated by African Civil Society and I quote the Director of the Centre for Democratic Development &nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;in Ghana): &ldquo;Multi-donor budget support has the potential to stimulate domestic accountability processes, as more resources are channelled through the budget process.&rdquo;.</p> <h1>IV.Concluding Remarks</h1> <p>So the Millennium Goals are a compact of shared responsibilities and mutual accountability between rich and poor countries. But is it a fair deal?<br /> There is a lack of balance: the Goals for which develping countries have primary responsibility are elaborated with indicators, deadlines, and their progress is monitored by a hugh army of bilateral donors, IFI&rsquo;s and, yes, the U.N.</p> <p>However, in Goal 8, which reflects the responsibilities of rich countries, the acknowledgement that poor countires&nbsp; need help to achieve the Goals, is &ndash; unlike the other goals &ndash; vague and lacks internationally agreed timelines &ndash; though within the EU and the OECD/<span class="caps">DAC</span> we see increasing efforts to elaborate and strengthen monitoring .<br /> Goal 8 is not just about Aid. It is also about trade&mdash; as stated before &ndash; and both the <span class="caps">OECD</span> and the EU are utterly failing in&nbsp; translating the lipservice to a &ldquo;Development Round&rdquo; into coherent pro-development action.<br /> While increasing its effectiveness, the volume of aid does matter&nbsp; too, as long as many&nbsp; needy and worthy countries are underfunded. And on this point there is a lot of scope for Germany to improve its performance, three decades after it promised to spend 0.7% of its income for this purpose: with 0.36% of Germany&rsquo;s National Income spent on Aid in 2006, Germany&nbsp; is well below the donor country average, including below France (0.47%) and the U.K. (0.52%), and still far below the long promised 0.7%, which has been surpassed for many years by some of its neighbors&hellip;and it looks like your &ldquo;check is still in the mail&rdquo; by 2015&hellip;)<br /> Today, Sub-Saharan Africa as a region is not on track to achieve any of the Goals &ndash; on average. But even in some of the poorest countries we have examples of impressive progress.&nbsp; Some of the least developed countries in <span class="caps">SSA</span> (Mozambique, Tanzania, Mali, Ruanda, Uganda, Senegal) are on track to meet several Goals. Mozambique in particular has an amazing fifteen-year record of rapid growth supported generously with aid&hellip;</p> <p>The &ldquo;secret&rdquo; behind these success stories is that the governments of these countries lived up to their promises and benefited from the fact that some donor governments do too,&nbsp; respecting mutual responsibilities and the global division of labour. Aid&nbsp; backing the development strategies of these reformers has contributed to incredible success stories, lifting tens of millions of people out of poverty, getting kids to school etc<br /> This proves the Goals are achievable by 2015, IF all countries live up to their promises&hellip; <br /> But we at the U.N. cannot hold our member states to account&hellip;</p> <p>We live in a world of sovereign nations &ndash; and it is the citizens (and their elected representatives) of each country who can do so: in poor countries for their primary responsibility to achieve the first 7 Goals, and in rich countries for our efforts on Goal 8. </p> <p>We &ndash; as Millennium Campaign &ndash; help to empower citizens to do so. And I enjoy having this debate here in these premises &ndash; as we hope to work together to train African civil society here to play their part in holding their governments to account &ndash;</p> <p>In the meantime, as this audience is German &ndash; I would hope to count on you to ensure Germany does its part on Goal 8 &ndash; on more and better aid, but also as a leading nation in the EU for the reform of our trade policies to enable poor countries and people to earn their own way out of poverty.</p> Global Partnership English Aid effectiveness Fair Trade MDGs Official Development Assistance (ODA) William Easterly Wed, 03 Oct 2007 22:42:32 +0000 admin 93 at http://endpoverty2015.org The Role of the Church in Achieving the Objectives of the Millennium Development Goals http://endpoverty2015.org/en/node/89 <h1>Topics</h1> <p>Northern &amp; Southern Countries, Rich &amp; Poor, Developed &amp; Developing, Global Partnership for Development, Official Development Assistance (<span class="caps">ODA</span>), Increase Aid Effectiveness</p> Universal Education Global Partnership Catholic Church debt relief Jubilee Official Development Assistance (ODA) Pope Paul VI Religion Vatican Mon, 01 Oct 2007 15:12:26 +0000 admin 89 at http://endpoverty2015.org