End Poverty 2015 - women http://endpoverty2015.org/en/taxonomy/term/158/0 en Poverty has a Female Face http://endpoverty2015.org/en/gender-womens-empowerment/resource/poverty-has-female-face <p>In the year 2000, 189 world leaders pledged to achieve the Millennium Development Goals — a set of 8 benchmarks to eradicate extreme poverty, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality and empower women, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat major diseases, ensure environmental sustainability and develop a global partnership for development by the year 2015. But progress is moving too slowly to meet the deadline.</p> <p>World leaders have made the least progress on their promises to women.</p> Gender / women&#039;s empowerment Gender Equity English Accountability poverty women Tue, 09 Mar 2010 22:17:15 +0000 Sebastian Majewski 651 at http://endpoverty2015.org GCAP: Progress on poverty not possbile without gender equality http://endpoverty2015.org/en/gender-equity/news/gcap-progress-poverty-not-possbile-without-gender-equality/08/mar/08 <p>The <a href="http://www.whiteband.org">Global Call to Action Against Poverty</a> (<span class="caps">GCAP</span>) is mobilising worldwide on <a href="/women">International Women’s Day</a> to call for gender equality to end poverty. With women representing 70% of the worlds poor, the issue of gender equality in the fight to end poverty has been carried by campaigners to the doors of governments and multilateral instiutions by <span class="caps">GCAP</span> coalitions since 2005. This year represents a change in gear for campaigners, concerned by signs that women are the big losers in current development strategies and the poor pace of governments in meeting the </a>Millennium Development Goals</a>.</p> <p><a href="/video/women/gcap-feminist-task-force">Ana Agostino</a>, <span class="caps">GCAP</span> Co-Chair and spokesperson for the Feminist Task Force said:<br /> “Poverty cannot be eradicated without equality and justice for women. Current international policies rob women of livelihoods, healthcare and other economic rights, while feeding a fundamentalist backlash and militarism that deprive women of personal autonomy and choices. Our demands are fundamental to breaking through this paradigm, they are not cosmetic, they need dedicated funding and integration into all existing policy decisions.”</p> <p>In New York last week, <span class="caps">GCAP</span> members focused on the theme of this year’s Commission on the Status of Women meeting, “Financing for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment,” . They called on the UN for increased financing for gender equality and women’s empowerment as well as support for an improved gender equality architecture of the UN. GCAP’s Feminist Task Force (<span class="caps">FTF</span>) presented progress made since 2005 alongside the findings of International Women’s Tribunals on Poverty (see below), which were held in India and Peru in 2007. </p> <p>In the Arab region, <span class="caps">GCAP</span> has produced a statement with specific demands for their<br /> Governments. The 2007 Arab <span class="caps">MDG</span> report states that the participation of women in <br /> non-agricultural employment in the least developed Arab countries decreased by almost 5% between 1990 and 2004. On average, women in the Arab region accounted for only 18.3% of total paid employments in the industrial and services sector in 2004. Moreover, the continuous military occupation in Palestine and Iraq and some regions of Lebanon and Syria has increased the level of poverty in these zones and undermined the development progress, and thus limited the chances for women’s economical empowerment. According to report, women in the Arab region held only 8.7% of the region’s parliamentary seats in April 2007, a figure among the lowest in the world.</p> <p>GCAP’s Global demands for gender equality to end poverty on International Women’s Day are: <ul> <li>Trade Justice for women’s social, economic, cultural and political empowerment</li> <li>Debt Cancellation to lift the burden on poor women and their families</li> <li>More and Better Aid to fund an end to the feminization of poverty</li> <li>Democratic, Transparent, Participatory and Accountable National Policy Processes to open doors for women and eliminate discriminatory policies</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Gender Equality as central to achieving sustainable development</li> </ul></p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/gender-equity/news/gcap-progress-poverty-not-possbile-without-gender-equality/08/mar/08#comments Gender Equity GCAP women Sat, 08 Mar 2008 15:18:13 +0000 admin 289 at http://endpoverty2015.org GCAP campaigning to achieve gender equity http://endpoverty2015.org/en/video/women/gcap-campaigning <p><span class="caps">GCAP</span> Partners from around the world have been campaigning to achieve equality and end poverty. This slideshow portrays some of that work.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/video/women/gcap-campaigning#comments Gender Equity GCAP international women&#039;s day women Sat, 08 Mar 2008 01:16:00 +0000 admin 288 at http://endpoverty2015.org UNICEF stresses importance of investing in maternal health http://endpoverty2015.org/en/maternal-health/news/unicef-stresses-importance-investing-maternal-health/07/mar/08 <p><a href="http://www.unicef.org">UNICEF</a> is marking <a href="/women">International Women’s Day</a> 2008 (8 March) by drawing attention to the need for improvements in maternal health care.</p> <p>Better access to maternal health care will reduce the estimated half a million pregnancy related deaths that occur each year and also help reduce child mortality rates.</p> <p>“Evidence from the World Health Organization shows that a motherless child is more likely to die before the age of two than an infant whose mother survives,” said Ann M. Veneman, Executive Director of <span class="caps">UNICEF</span>. “Improvements in the health of pregnant women and new mothers are critical to ensuring children survive their first years.”</p> <p>The causes of maternal death vary markedly across regions and countries, but maternal mortality is far higher in the developing world than in developed countries. While a number of middle-income countries have made progress in reducing maternal deaths, less progress has been achieved in low-income countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. In West and Central Africa, on average the risk that a woman will die in childbirth is 1 in 17, compared with 1 in 8,000 in developed countries.</p> <p>It is estimated that one in four pregnant women currently receives no antenatal care, and that more than 40 percent give birth without the assistance of a skilled attendant.</p> <p>“Access to pre- and antenatal care must be improved, as part of integrated efforts to establish stronger national health systems,” Veneman said. “Investing in maternal health care is crucial for achieving the Millennium Development Goals.” </p> <p>The impact of the absence of adequate pre- and neo-natal care is compounded by other issues women and girls face, such as rape, violence and child marriage.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/maternal-health/news/unicef-stresses-importance-investing-maternal-health/07/mar/08#comments Maternal Health UNICEF women Fri, 07 Mar 2008 22:12:54 +0000 admin 286 at http://endpoverty2015.org Women and the MDGs Fact Sheet http://endpoverty2015.org/en/gender-equity/resource/women-and-mdg-fact-sheet <p><a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/files/women%20and%20mdgs_final2_pdf.pdf">Download the Fact sheet</a></p> <p>In September 2000, the leaders of the world committed to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to end poverty and make development a reality for all people by 2015. </p> <p>The world now stands at the halfway point towards making the Goals a reality, but results have been uneven. </p> <p>To ensure the world realizes its potential to make poverty history, significant progress must be made to ensure gender equity. </p> <p>Women disproportionately suffer from hunger, disease, environmental degradation and impoverishment. As a result, poverty remains stubbornly &#8220;feminized&#8221;, with women accounting for a vast percentage of the world&#8217;s absolute poor. </p> <p>On the occasion of International Women’s Day, it is important to highlight the interconnectedness of women’s issues to all of the Millennium Development Goals.</p> Gender Equity English gender equity MDGs women Fri, 07 Mar 2008 22:05:29 +0000 admin 285 at http://endpoverty2015.org Ana Agostino - The Importance of Women in Ending Poverty http://endpoverty2015.org/en/video/women/gcap-feminist-task-force <p>Ana Agostino is Co-Chair of <span class="caps">GCAP</span> and the facilitator for the Feminist<br /> Task Force (<span class="caps">FTF</span>) . This year the <span class="caps">FTF</span> use the International Women&#8217;s Day<br /> to highlight the centrality of gender equality to end poverty and the<br /> importance of investing in women and girls. They are also calling for<br /> financing of gender equality and women&#8217;s empowerment.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/video/women/gcap-feminist-task-force#comments End Hunger Universal Education Gender Equity Maternal Health ana agostino GCAP international women&#039;s day women Fri, 07 Mar 2008 20:32:55 +0000 admin 284 at http://endpoverty2015.org Bharati Silawal-Giri: Gender and Development Adviser at UNDP http://endpoverty2015.org/en/voices/women/gender-adviser <p>Bharati Silawal-Giri talks about the importance of women in eradicating poverty on the occasion of International Women&#8217;s Day</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/voices/women/gender-adviser#comments Gender Equity international women&#039;s day women Fri, 07 Mar 2008 20:08:27 +0000 admin 283 at http://endpoverty2015.org Africa Still Off Track to Achieving Women's Health Goal http://endpoverty2015.org/en/africa/news/africa-still-track-achieving-womens-health-goal/07/mar/08 <p>When the 189 UN Member States adopted the Millennium Declaration in 2000, they committed their respective governments to drastically cut the incidence of poverty by half and make the world a better place for everybody to live not later than 2015. The commitments in the declaration are espoused in a set of eight goals with achievable targets, commonly referred to as the <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/goals">Millennium Development Goals</a> (MDGs). The goals broadly cover areas on reduction of poverty; education; health especially for children and women; <span class="caps">HIV</span> and AIDS; environment and promotion of global partnerships conducive for a just world. </p> <p>The MDGs generally target issues that are most basic to any meaningful form of human development. Four of the goals are directly related to the well being of women. While goal three addresses gender equity; goal four on child health, five on maternal health and six on reversal of HIV/<span class="caps">AIDS</span> which addresses important aspects related to the health of women. This is testimony to the importance to which the world leadership attaches to women advancement in general and their health in particular.</p> <p>In the second half to 2015, different countries, regions and continents have recorded mixed results on each goal as at mid-pint in 2007. It has been generally established that of the six continents, Africa is the only one that seems way off track towards achievement of all the MDGs. However, Africa has recorded remarkable gains on promoting women leadership with the continent having one elected woman president, several women vice presidents and many cabinet ministers in various African governments. </p> <p>There are variations on the gains on each goal at country level but generally the continent needs to do a lot more if it is to achieve the MDGs. </p> <h1>State of Goal 5 in Africa</h1> <p>Northern Africa is generally the region in the continent that has been making impressive gains towards achievement of all the MDGs except on goal four on reducing child mortality. The Sub Saharan Africa (<span class="caps">SSA</span>) on the other hand has been making slow pace which does not measure to the required speed if the region is to achieve any of the MDGs by 2015. </p> <p>During the Millennium Declaration in 2000, the maternal mortality ratio in the world was put at 450 deaths per 100,000 live births in developing regions. It was highest in Sub Saharan Africa at 920 while in North Africa it stands at 183. The target on <span class="caps">MDG</span> 5 is to reduce maternal mortality by two thirds by 2015. But beyond the mid point to 2015, maternal health still remains a big regional and global concern, with the odds that today a Sub Saharan African Woman will die from complications arising from pregnancy and childbirth during her life at 1 in 16, compared to 1 in 3,800 in the developed world. </p> <p>The vast majority of these deaths are avoidable through skilled care in delivery and access to emergency obstetric care. For every woman who dies because of obstetric complications, 30-50 others suffer morbidity and disability. <span class="caps">MDG</span> 5 on maternal health rightly focuses attention to address this unacceptable situation. </p> <p>It is widely agreed that the high maternal mortality ratio in many Sub Saharan African counties reflects the status of women in these societies, as it illustrates how acceptable a society finds such avoidable deaths. While trends in the use of antenatal care in developing countries during 1990s show significant progress, in Sub Saharan Africa, by contrast, use of antenatal care has hardly changed over the decades. Achievement of <span class="caps">MDG</span> 5 is therefore inextricably intertwined with meeting <span class="caps">MDG</span> 3 – to promote gender equality and women and empower women. </p> <p>Most maternal deaths are preventable. For instance, deaths caused by infections or hemorrhage during delivery can be prevented with drugs or blood transfusion. Women in need of emergency obstetric services can be saved if they have access to transportation that can get them quickly to the nearest facility. Unfortunately this does not seem a priority especially in Sub Saharan Africa as is testified by the unacceptably high maternal mortality in the region. </p> <p>Further, it should not be overlooked that <span class="caps">MDG</span> 5 calls for improvements in maternal health, not only reductions in maternal mortality. This is an important distinction to note. Improvements of maternal health, though important in themselves, will not necessarily be accompanied by reductions in maternal mortality. </p> <h1>Redress Measures</h1> <p>Consequently, strategies needed to reduce maternal mortality – increased access to, use and quality care during pregnancy and childbirth – need to be complemented by efforts to address maternal health more broadly, and by efforts to strengthen the position of women in society through education and a commitment to gender equity. To promote maternal health in the spirit of the Millennium Declaration, it is imperative that governments in Africa, especially in Sub Sahara Africa to urgently address the following: </p> <ul> <li>Provide all women the opportunity to access high quality delivery care. Such care has three essential elements: skilled attendant at delivery; access to emergency obstetric care in case of a complication; and a referral system to ensure that those women who do experience complications can reach life saving emergency obstetric care in time.</li> <li>Provide all women with family planning information and services to safeguard women’s health during their productive years.</li> <li>Ensure gender equality, social justice and stop all forms of violence against women and uphold women’s rights including their political participation and access to resources.</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Emphasize, in their health policies, preventive health, reproductive health and actively combat HIV/<span class="caps">AIDS</span> pandemic and diseases associated with poverty.</li> </ul> <p>There is therefore need to mount pressure on the governments in this region to effect policies that support programmes aimed at improving the women health and delivery on all the MDGs. </p> <p>In celebrating the International Women’s Day various anti-poverty campaigners have organized a number of events these include:</p> <p>A press conference in Johannesburg this Friday, March 7th, Ana Agostino and Kumi Naidoo will be joined by the South African Commissioner for Human Rights, Jody Kollapen, and leaders from local women’s rights NGOs. Foreign and local media will hear about our demands and our plans to Take Action during the rest of 2008. </p> <p>In Nigeria there will be a lecture in Taraba state to which they have invited key dignitaries to hear their policy demands.</p> <p>In Kenya, the <span class="caps">GCAP</span> National coalition has sent a petition to the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of finance to develop a gender sensitive budget.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/africa/news/africa-still-track-achieving-womens-health-goal/07/mar/08#comments Africa Maternal Health women Fri, 07 Mar 2008 17:47:54 +0000 admin 281 at http://endpoverty2015.org Q&A: A Threat to One Is a Threat to All http://endpoverty2015.org/en/africanews/qa-threat-one-threat-all/26/nov/07 <p><strong>Interview with Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem</strong></p> <p>The past year has marked the half-way point for realisation of the United Nations <a>Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) </a>. The eight goals were agreed on by global leaders at the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000, with 2015 set as the deadline for achieving the MDGs.</p> <p>The goals focus on halving extreme hunger and poverty, achieving universal primary education, promoting gender equality and women&#8217;s empowerment, and reducing child and maternal mortality. They are also aimed at fighting HIV/<span class="caps">AIDS</span>, malaria and other diseases, ensuring environmental sustainability &#8212; and creating a &#8220;global partnership for development&#8221; that will address several key issues, including barriers to trade and country debt.</p> <p>As the U.N&#8217;s &#8216;Millennium Development Goals Report 2007&#8217; indicates, progress towards the MDGs has undoubtedly been made overall. However, &#8220;...only one of the eight regional groups cited in this report is on track to achieve all the Millennium Development Goals. In contrast, the projected shortfalls are most severe in sub-Saharan Africa.&#8221;</p> <p>The U.N. Millennium Campaign was launched in 2002 to help citizens lobby their governments to achieve the goals. The campaign&#8217;s deputy director for Africa, Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem, spoke to <span class="caps">IPS</span> writer Joyce Mulama in the Ugandan capital, Kampala, about Africa&#8217;s prospects concerning the MDGs &#8212; this on the sidelines of the Nov. 23-25 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting.</p> <p>IPS: Where has there been progress in Africa with the MDGs?</p> <p>Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem (TA): When you look at specific countries there has been some progress, especially on education, child mortality and also HIV/<span class="caps">AIDS</span>. A country like Uganda now has free primary and secondary education, where millions of children who were not able to go school are now going to school. Malawi, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa and Ghana have also made tremendous progress in providing free primary education, even though there are still many challenges.</p> <p>A country like Malawi, which used to be among the poorest countries in the world, has dropped infant mortality by 30 percent; it is only second to Peru globally. Rwanda, which has just come out of genocide&#8230;is actually doing pretty well on a lot of these issues &#8212; including education, technology and women&#8217;s empowerment. It has more women&#8217;s representation in parliament than most Western countries. This shows (that) if priorities are set well and there is political will, it is possible to achieve MDGs.</p> <p>IPS: Which MDGs are you most concerned about?</p> <p>TA: One of the biggest scandals in the implementation of MDGs, and one that civil societies and the media really need to focus on, are the MDGs in relation to women. Indeed, all MDGs are about women because they are the majority, and therefore real development cannot take place without full participation and empowerment of women.</p> <p>If you look at many countries, because of providing vaccinations in time, mosquito nets and other interventions, there is a decrease in child mortality &#8212; like in the case of Malawi. But across Africa, the maternal mortality rate is scandalously high, and you ask yourself: if our children are living longer, why are our mothers dying?</p> <p>MDGs need to be seen as an integrated platform to address maternal health. Many women die due to complications at child birth. Many more die as a result of lack of transport to access health centres. If you have to transport a woman in labour on a bicycle or carry her &#8212; literally &#8212; by the time you reach the centre she will have died.</p> <p>Some of these centres do not have doctors, nurses or midwives, because we are losing a lot of trained medical staff to better pay and better working conditions abroad. To achieve MDGs effectively, we have to look at all these aspects.</p> <p>IPS: To what extent have wealthy nations met their part of their bargain with helping achieve the goals?</p> <p>TA: They have written off debts of some countries. Studies have shown that where debt has been written off, and when you have a responsible government, debt relief can work. Malawi, Uganda, and Ghana are good examples where money that should have been used to service debt has been transferred into social and economic programmes.</p> <p>But the biggest threat by the rich countries is the unjust nature of international trade. Africa loses as a result of tariff barriers, the dumping of cheap goods from the industrialised world and denial of access to its markets. Our farmers are using hoes to farm, they are not subsidised &#8212; while the European farmers are subsidised, yet they are the ones with tractors, and employ all sorts of modern farming methods. This is killing the capacity of our farmers to compete even locally.</p> <p>It is important that the rich nations address this matter. If Africa does not achieve the MDGs, the reason will not only be internal but also external dimensions, because the rich countries are not collaborating, especially on goal eight (to &#8220;Develop a global partnership for development&#8221;).</p> <p>IPS: Is there enough pressure to compel rich countries to honour their commitments regarding the MDGs?</p> <p>TA: Civil society has been active in holding international campaigns against the selfish interests of the West. It is critical for the world to realise that a threat to one is a threat to all, that the prosperity of the West is structurally linked to the extreme poverty of the South. It is in their own interest to make sure that we create a better world for all.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/africanews/qa-threat-one-threat-all/26/nov/07#comments Africa Malawi MDGs Peru Rwanda Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem women Mon, 26 Nov 2007 17:24:51 +0000 admin 146 at http://endpoverty2015.org Ban Ki-moon pledges system-wide UN campaign to fight violence against women http://endpoverty2015.org/en/gender-equitynews/ban-ki-moon-pledges-system-wide-un-campaign-fight-violence-against-women/25/nov/07 <p>Denouncing violence against women as “one of the most heinous, systematic and prevalent human rights abuses in the world,” United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has vowed to lead a campaign against the scourge.</p> <p>In a message marking the <a href="http://www.unifem.org/campaigns/vaw/16days.php">International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women</a>, commemorated on 25 November, Mr. Ban hailed progress in addressing the issue, but said there is “so much left to do to tear down the veil of tolerance which still sometimes surrounds it.”</p> <p>He pledged to spearhead a system-wide campaign through <a href="http://www.endpoverty2015.org">2015</a> for the elimination of violence against women focused on global advocacy; UN leadership by example; and strengthened partnerships at the national and regional levels to support the work of Governments, civil society, the private sector and others.</p> <p>“I have proposed that the General Assembly devote an agenda item every year to considering the question of violence against women. And I have called on the Security Council to establish a mechanism dedicated to monitoring violence against women and girls, within the framework of resolution 1325 on women, peace and security,” Mr. Ban said.</p> <p>He also repeats his longstanding support for a proposal to replace several current UN structures with one “dynamic” entity able to call on all of the UN system&#8217;s resources in the work to empower women and realize gender equality worldwide.</p> <p>UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Louise Arbour, in her statement on the occasion of the Day, spotlighted the problem of immunity for violent crimes against women.</p> <p>“Every day, in all corners of the world, countless women and girls are killed, mutilated, beaten, raped, sold into sexual slavery or tortured. Most of the survivors of this violence have little hope of seeing their tormentors pay for their crimes. And so the violence goes on,” she said.</p> <p>Impunity “is built on a foundation of discrimination and inequality,” Ms. Arbour said. States have largely accepted the international human rights framework in place to prevent, condemn and punish discrimination against women, but she stressed that inequalities remain.</p> <p>She emphasized that a sustained effort to end violence against women requires a commitment to ensure equality with respect to economic and social rights. “This contributes not only to the equitable allocation of public goods and services but also leads to improved law enforcement by facilitating accountability for violence against women.”</p> <p>Both Ms. Arbour and Mr. Ban said the issue must be addressed not only in commemoration of the International Day but every day.</p> <p>Also marking the Day, two independent UN human rights experts issued a statement pointing out that despite progress, many countries fail to recognize some forms of violence against women as crimes.</p> <p>“Cultural or religious paradigms are still invoked to condone female genital mutilation, the execution and murder of women, marital rape and other forms of violence,” said the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences, Yakin Ertürk, and the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Manfred Nowak.</p> <p>They note that the application of international instruments and the development of strategies to condemn and punish torture “have been slow to take into account gender-based aspects of torture, such as sexual violence, and have treated severe pain or suffering inflicted on women in the private sphere as a &#8216;domestic affair.&#8216;”</p> <p>The experts appeal to the international community, to States and civil society to make full use of all existing instruments and mechanisms designed to combat violence against women.</p> <p>Commemoration of the Day kicks off 16 days of activism,” an initiative from 25 November through 10 December, which is International Human Rights Day.</p> <p>In Sierra Leone, the UN is working with local non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on a number of activities, including awareness raising workshops on the three Gender Acts recently adopted by the House of Parliament – the Domestic Violence Act; the Devolution of Estates Act; and the Registration of Customary Marriage and Divorce Act.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/gender-equitynews/ban-ki-moon-pledges-system-wide-un-campaign-fight-violence-against-women/25/nov/07#comments Gender Equity Ban Ki-moon MDGs UN UNIFEM violence women Sun, 25 Nov 2007 20:10:00 +0000 admin 143 at http://endpoverty2015.org