End Poverty 2015 - Bali http://endpoverty2015.org/en/taxonomy/term/179/0 en Secretary-General Welcomes Bali Breakthrough http://endpoverty2015.org/en/asianews/secretary-general-welcomes-bali-breakthrough/15/dec/07 <p>Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has welcomed the outcome of the landmark United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali, Indonesia, in which 187 countries today agreed to launch a two-year process of formal negotiations on strengthening international efforts to fight, mitigate and adapt to the problem of global warming.</p> <p>After almost two weeks of marathon discussions, delegates have agreed on both the agenda for the negotiations and a 2009 deadline for completing them so that a successor pact to the Kyoto Protocol on greenhouse gas emissions can enter into effect in 2013.</p> <p>Under the so-called <a href="http://unfccc.int/meetings/cop_13/items/4049.php">Bali Roadmap</a>, the key issues during the upcoming negotiations will be: taking action to adapt to the negative consequences of climate change, such as droughts and floods; devising ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions; finding ways to deploy climate-friendly technology; and financing adaptation and mitigation measures.</p> <p>Participating countries have also agreed on a series of steps that can be taken immediately to strengthen their commitment to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (<span class="caps">UNFCCC</span>), such as combating deforestation in poor countries, the scaling up of investment in green technology and enhancing funding for adaptation measures.</p> <p>The text does not specify or mandate emissions targets, but it does say that deep cuts in emissions will be needed to avoid the worst effects of climate change.</p> <p>In a statement issued after the Bali Roadmap was adopted, Mr. Ban called it &#8220;a pivotal first step toward an agreement that can address the threat of climate change, the defining challenge of our time,&#8221; adding that the agreement had met all the benchmarks for success he set out when the Conference began.</p> <p>The Secretary-General said he &#8220;appreciates the spirit of cooperation shown by all parties to achieve an outcome that stands to benefit all humanity.&#8221;</p> <p>Mr. Ban returned today to Bali, after a one-day visit to Timor-Leste, to take part in the final stages of the Conference, which was extended by an extra day as delegates closed in on a deal.</p> <p>But even a few hours before the Roadmap was adopted, it was not clear there would be any breakthrough, prompting Mr. Ban to appeal to delegates not to &#8220;risk everything you have achieved so far&#8230; The hour is late. It is time to make a decision.&#8221;</p> <p>Mr. Ban&#8217;s statement welcoming the Roadmap&#8217;s eventual adoption was echoed by leading UN and international environmental officials at the Conference.</p> <p><span class="caps">UNFCCC</span> Executive Secretary Yvo de Boer said Bali had produced &#8220;a real breakthrough, a real opportunity for the international community to successfully fight climate change. Parties have recognized the urgency of action on climate change and have now provided the political response to what scientists have been telling us is needed.&#8221;</p> <p>In his closing address to the plenary session, the Conference President and Indonesian Environment Minister Rachmat Witoelar hailed the &#8220;number of forward-looking decisions&#8221; in the text.</p> <p>&#8220;But we also have a huge task ahead of us and time to reach agreement is extremely short, so we need to move quickly,&#8221; he said.</p> <p>Four major <span class="caps">UNFCCC</span> meetings to implement the Bali Roadmap are planned for next year, with the first to be held in either March or April. The negotiations process is scheduled to conclude in 2009 at a major summit in Copenhagen.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/asianews/secretary-general-welcomes-bali-breakthrough/15/dec/07#comments Asia Environmental Sustainability Bali Ban Ki-moon climate change Sat, 15 Dec 2007 23:33:32 +0000 admin 165 at http://endpoverty2015.org Climate change has no respect for borders and affects all, says Ban Ki-moon http://endpoverty2015.org/en/asianews/climate-change-has-no-respect-borders-and-affects-all-says-ban-ki-moon/14/dec/07 <p>Global warming impacts everyone regardless of national borders, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said today, calling on negotiators at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali, Indonesia, to overcome differences and agree on a road map to tackle the issue.</p> <p>Climate change “doesn’t care if you are coming from developing or industrialized countries,” he told reporters during a visit to Timor-Leste, warning that poorer nations will be hit hardest by the phenomenon.</p> <p>Acknowledging that some countries have concerns about a target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, Mr. Ban said that the time will come in the future to reach a consensus on that.</p> <p>“But our goal at this time is to launch negotiations,” he said.</p> <p>The Secretary-General stated that industrialized countries – especially the biggest emitters – should take the lead in addressing climate change.</p> <p>“If we are not able to agree on this, I would say the negotiators will have to bear their historical responsibilities for the whole international community and the future of planet Earth.”</p> <p>Mr. Ban has repeatedly stressed the importance of creating a road map to tackle climate change and a timeline to produce a new agreement on emissions targets by 2009 so that it can enter into force after the Kyoto Protocol, the current regime, expires in 2012.</p> <p>He is scheduled to return to Bali tomorrow to assess the status of the negotiations.</p> <p>Following that the Secretary-General will travel to Paris to participate in Monday’s Donor’s Conference for the Palestinian Territories.</p> <p>That event will be co-hosted by France, Norway, the European Commission and Tony Blair, the Special Representative for the Middle East diplomatic Quartet, comprising the UN, the United States, the European Union and Russia.</p> <p>Mr. Ban will also attend a dinner with representatives of the Quartet and the League of Arab States.</p> <p>While in Paris, he is also expected to meet with French President Nicolas Sarkozy.</p> <p>The Secretary-General plans to return to New York next Tuesday.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/asianews/climate-change-has-no-respect-borders-and-affects-all-says-ban-ki-moon/14/dec/07#comments Asia Environmental Sustainability Bali Ban Ki-moon climate change Fri, 14 Dec 2007 23:38:15 +0000 admin 166 at http://endpoverty2015.org Fighting Poverty and Climate Change must go hand in hand, concludes eminent panel http://endpoverty2015.org/en/asianews/fighting-poverty-and-climate-change-must-go-hand-hand-concludes-eminent-panel/11/dec/07 <p>Bert Koenders, Minister for Development Cooperation for the Government of Netherlands, called for adaptation funding from developed countries to be clearly in addition to <span class="caps">ODA</span> commitments. Speaking at a side event organized jointly by the Government of Indonesia and the <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org">UN Millennium Campaign</a>, he cautioned that climate change should not become an excuse for developed countries to create more non-tariff barriers. </p> <p>Mari Pangestu, Minister for Trade, Republic of Indonesia, underlined that development is the common denominator in the trade negotiations under the Doha Round and in the Climate Change discussions in Bali. The impact on the <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/goals">MDGs</a> and poor people should be the touchstone on which we can judge the success of these talks she emphasized.</p> <p>In his first international appearance, Minister Peter Garrett, reiterated the new Australian Government’s strong commitment to both meeting the MDGs and Climate Change agenda with a particular focus on the Pacific and other neighbouring countries.</p> <p>Atiq Rahman, key author of the <span class="caps">IPCCC</span> Report, and a leading climate change thinker from Bangladesh, reminded the audience that poor people do not have a choice on whether they will address climate change or poverty first.</p> <p><a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/about/people/salil-shetty">Salil Shetty</a>, Director, Millennium Campaign, emphasised that the MDGs were absent from the Climate Change discourse in spite of one of the MDGs being focused on environment and climate change. </p> <p>The event was moderated by the UN Ambassador for MDGs in Asia Pacific with a welcome address from Bambang Widianto, Expert Staff to the Minister of National Development Planning for Human Resources and Poverty Affairs, Government of Indonesia.</p> <p>Also available for interview at the side event and throughout the UN Conference on Climate Change:</p> <ul> <li>H.E Erna Witoelar, UN Special Ambassador for <span class="caps">MDGS</span> in Asia and The Pacific: Ms Witoelar is a former member of the National Assembly of Indonesia. She currently serves as chairperson of the Indonesia Biodiversity Foundation (<span class="caps">KEHATI</span>), co-chair of the Partnership for Governance Reform in Indonesia, and an Earth Charter Commissioner (based in Costa Rica).</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Minar Pimple, UN Millennium Campaign Deputy Director, Asia: As Deputy Director of the UN Millennium Campaign Asia, Mr Pimple leads the Campaign’s work in Asia Pacific, working with civil society organisations, youth and student organisations, media, local authorities and parliamentarian to facilitate their engagement to hold their governments to account towards fulfilment of <span class="caps">MDGS</span>. Since 1977, Minar Pimple, has worked on the issues of poverty and low levels of socio-economic-political development in India sin 1977. </li> </ul> <p>For more information or to arrange interviews with any of the above please contact: <br /> Mandy Kibel, UN Millennium Campaign Deputy Director, Communications, <br /> New York<br /> Tel: +1 212 906 6242 (O) <br /> +1 917 916 1694 (cell) <br /> e-mail: mandy.kibel@undp.org</p> <p>Wilson T.P. Siahaan, Policy Specialist to UN Ambassador for MDGs in Asia Pacific<br /> Jakarta Tel.(+62 21) 3141308 (O) <br /> +62 811883929 (cell) <br /> email: wilson.siahaan@undp.org</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/asianews/fighting-poverty-and-climate-change-must-go-hand-hand-concludes-eminent-panel/11/dec/07#comments Asia Environmental Sustainability Global Partnership adaption financing Bali climate change Official Development Assistance (ODA) Tue, 11 Dec 2007 14:22:16 +0000 admin 162 at http://endpoverty2015.org UK announces new study on climate change adaptation at Bali http://endpoverty2015.org/en/europenews/uk-announces-new-study-climate-change-adaptation-bali/11/dec/07 <p>The UK and Netherlands, together with the World Bank, today announced funding<br /> of up to £3 million (Euro 4 million) for a new research study that will<br /> support developing countries to prepare for climate change.</p> <p>The two governments will jointly fund the research study which will help<br /> developing countries understand the costs of adaptation and how to prepare<br /> for the impacts of climate change.</p> <p>The joint announcement by Netherlands Development Minister Bert Koenders,<br /> UK Environment Minister Phil Woolas and World Bank Director of Environment,<br /> Warren Evans, was made during a panel debate with Sir Nicholas Stern and<br /> other key climate change leaders at the <span class="caps">UNFCCC</span> climate change summit in Bali.</p> <p>This study complements a regional review of the economic impacts of climate<br /> change in Southeast Asia. The regional review is being taken forward by<br /> the Asian Development Bank and governments from the region. The UK will<br /> contribute a further £450,000 for this study.</p> <p>In making the announcement Bert Koenders said:</p> <p>&#8220;There is no time left. We have to be crystal clear. Adaptation costs should<br /> be additional on the basis of the principle the polluter pays.&#8221;</p> <p>UK Environment Minister Phil Woolas said:</p> <p>&#8220; No matter how successful we are in our efforts to prevent further climate<br /> change, we will feel increasing effects for many years to come.Climate<br /> change is affecting all countries and poor countries are being hit first<br /> and hit hardest.</p> <p>Adaptation to climate change is vital. Any future climate deal needs to include<br /> adaptation to climate change as well as mitigation of it. But we also need to<br /> make sure that those countries least able to afford the unavoidable impacts of<br /> climate change are supported in planning for and managing those impacts. This<br /> World Bank work will make a significant contribution to that effort.</p> <p>I am pleased that the UK is able to support the regional review of the<br /> economic impacts of climate change.The Stern Report released last year<br /> has provided a vital economic foundation for the UK&#8217;s climate policy and<br /> programmes. This study will help Southeast Asian countries identify cost<br /> and implement vital change policies now and avoid higher costs in the future&#8221;.</p> <p>UK Trade and Development Minister Gareth Thomas said:</p> <p>&#8220;Tackling poverty won&#8217;t succeed if development plans don&#8217;t take account<br /> of the potential long-term impacts of climate change. The studies launched<br /> today will help developing countries to identify and plan for these future<br /> risks, so that more people can be lifted out of poverty in years to come. The<br /> more developed a country is, the more it will be able to deal with natural<br /> disasters when they strike.</p> <p>&#8220;The Stern Review told us that the costs of taking strong, early action<br /> against climate change would be substantially less than the costs of dealing<br /> with the damage it caused&#8221;.</p> <p>The two-year adaptation study will be led by the World Bank. It will look at<br /> why adapting to the impacts of climate change is essential to development. It<br /> will help developing countries understand how to prepare and adapt to the<br /> impacts of climate change and the costs involved in ensuring their development<br /> plans and goals can manage the impacts of a changing climate. The study will<br /> focus on six key countries and their experiences.</p> <p>After the panel discussion Sir Nicholas Stern said of the new studies:<br /> &#8220;Poor people will be hit hardest by the impacts of climate change. Urgent<br /> action is needed to help developing countries prepare for and adapt to<br /> climate change.</p> <p>&#8220;It is vital we have a better understanding of the costs of developing<br /> climate-resilient development plans, including how to prioritise between<br /> different adaptation responses.</p> <p>&#8220;Developing countries are increasingly understanding why they need to adapt. We<br /> now need to start thinking about what this looks like in practice, and how<br /> to ensure that development plans are sufficiently designed and budgeted for<br /> to both reduce poverty and build climate resilience. This study will help<br /> provide the tools and knowledge to enable this.&#8221; </p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/europenews/uk-announces-new-study-climate-change-adaptation-bali/11/dec/07#comments Europe Environmental Sustainability adaption financing Bali climate change Netherlands United Kingdom Tue, 11 Dec 2007 13:20:53 +0000 admin 163 at http://endpoverty2015.org Climate Change and the Millennium Development Goals http://endpoverty2015.org/en/resource/climate-change <p>The <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org">UN Millennium Campaign</a> launched the following report as part of the <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/bali/event">Climate Change and the MDGs event</a> at the <a href="/take-action">Bali Climate Conference</a>.</p> Environmental Sustainability Bali climate change Mon, 10 Dec 2007 18:10:37 +0000 admin 158 at http://endpoverty2015.org Bali Event: Climate Change and the Millennium Development Goals http://endpoverty2015.org/en/bali/event <p>Climate change and global poverty are the key global justice challenges of our times. Both are serious challenges to the future health and prosperity of our planet. They must be combated simultaneously; we cannot take care of one before addressing the other. An effective attack on poverty and the ill-effects of climate change requires taking comprehensive action that encompasses both issues. We cannot fight climate change without considering the rising energy needs of developing countries, nor can we effectively address global poverty without accounting for the impacts of climate change on agriculture, disease patterns, and violent weather events, all of which particularly impact least developed countries.</p> <p>Climate change presents significant threats to the achievement of the <a href="http://endpoverty2015.org/goals">Millennium Development Goals</a> especially those related to eliminating poverty and hunger and promoting environmental sustainability. An increasing body of evidence (e.g. the Stern and the <span class="caps">IPCC</span> Reports) are pointing to the disproportionate negative impact climate change will have on the poorest nations, those nations who have contributed least to the problem. Climate change threatens to significantly set back countries’ efforts to improve the lives of their citizens and to meet the Millennium Goals.</p> <p>The fight against poverty and the fight against the effects of climate change must be seen as interrelated efforts. They must reinforce each other and success must be achieved on both fronts jointly. </p> <ul> <li>How can this joint success be achieved and what role can the Millennium Development Goals play in this success? </li> <li>How can we keep policy makers on track on their <span class="caps">MDG</span> commitments while pursuing climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies?</li> <li>How can we ensure that adaptation policies and practices can at the same time secure and catalyze the achievements of MDGs?</li> <li>How can we ensure that mitigation efforts are also creating poverty reduction opportunities while considering the energy need of the poor to reach their MDGs?</li> </ul> <ul> <li>These questions and a range of other key issues will be discussed at a side event organised by the Indonesian National Planning Board (<span class="caps">BAPPENAS</span>) in collaboration with United Nations Millennium Campaign. </li> </ul> <p><b>When:</b> December 11, 2007 at 6 – 8 pm.</p> <p><b>Where:</b> Bali International Convention Centre, December 11, 2007 at 6 – 8 pm.</p> <p><b>Who:</b> Speakers will include Bert Koenders, the Netherland’s Minister for Development Cooperation; Salil Shetty, UN Millennium Campaign Director, and other confirmed delegates to the <span class="caps">COP</span> 13.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/bali/event#comments Asia Environmental Sustainability Bali climate change events Mon, 10 Dec 2007 06:13:31 +0000 admin 156 at http://endpoverty2015.org At UN conference, small island countries seek action on climate change http://endpoverty2015.org/en/latin-america-caribbeannews/un-conference-small-island-countries-seek-action-climate-change/09/dec/0 <p>Small island States today called on industrialized countries to take a leadership role at the Bali Climate Change Conference and adopt targets to keep the world from warming past the point where catastrophic impacts would occur.</p> <p>“No island should be left behind,” said Angus Friday of Grenada, the Chairman of the Alliance of Small Island States. These vulnerable countries, he said, are already feeling the impact of climate change in the form of more hurricanes, cyclone and typhoons.</p> <p>Grenada, once deemed to be safe from hurricanes, has been devastated twice in the last seven years causing damage that amounted to 200 per cent of the country&#8217;s gross domestic product, he said. Countries such as the Maldives were already spending considerable sums on adaptation efforts, which include building 14 “safe islands,” he added, calling for the Bali meeting to support the launch of an adaptation fund.</p> <p>The conference ended its first week with negotiations in full swing on key issues. According to Yvo de Boer, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Climate Change Convention, Bali has to deliver on several issues of importance to developing countries, including adaptation, transfer of climate friendly technology, strengthened capacity building and progress on reducing emissions due to deforestation. In addition, he said, Bali needs to launch a process beyond 2012 when the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol expires.</p> <p>The negotiations, Mr. de Boer said, seemed to be progressing well on a number of fronts. With Rajendra Pachauri formally presenting the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to the Conference yesterday, Mr. de Boer said he believes the message of the report is “loud and clear” and that is to “act now.”</p> <p>Today was also &#8216;Forest Day&#8217; in Bali, a day-long event by the Center for International Research on Forests to help inform the Climate Change Conference process on deforestation issues. Deforestation in developing countries causes roughly 20 per cent of the greenhouse gas emissions.</p> <p>The Bali Conference is presently discussing methods to design a comprehensive plan to reduce emissions from deforestation in developing countries that may include assessments in changes in forest cover, how to demonstrate reductions in deforestation emissions, and how to estimate the amount of emission reduction.</p> <p>“These are very important first steps for fighting emissions from deforestation,” Mr. de Boer told the Forest Day meeting. “They will provide a good basis for further action.”</p> <p>He pointed out that forests worldwide contain more than the amount of carbon in the entire atmosphere. “Cutting them down immediately releases carbon stored in the forest carbon pools as CO2 emissions.”</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/latin-america-caribbeannews/un-conference-small-island-countries-seek-action-climate-change/09/dec/0#comments Latin America &amp; the Caribbean Environmental Sustainability Oceania Bali climate change small island states Sun, 09 Dec 2007 05:47:22 +0000 admin 154 at http://endpoverty2015.org UN Climate Change Conference is 'test of our collective will' – Ban Ki-moon http://endpoverty2015.org/en/asianews/un-climate-change-conference-test-our-collective-will-%E2%80%93-ban-ki-moon/06/dec/07 <p>As he prepares to depart for the landmark <a href="http://unfccc.int/meetings/cop_13/items/4049.php">United Nations Climate Change Conference</a> in Bali, Indonesia, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today urged world leaders at the meeting – which he characterized as a “test of our collective will” – to negotiate an agenda to create a new deal to tackle global warming.</p> <p>“Our ultimate goal is a comprehensive agreement on climate change that all nations can embrace,” he told reporters in New York, voicing hope that the Conference will yield a “roadmap to a better future.”</p> <p>Mr. Ban, who is leaving for Bali on Saturday, pointed out that it is crucial to negotiate a new agreement to address the problem by 2009 so that it can enter into force in 2013 when the Kyoto Protocol, the current regime, expires.</p> <p>“Difficult as this path may be, we have no choice,” he said.</p> <p>Transforming the global economy into an eco-friendly one provides an opportunity to jump-start growth and development, not hinder it, the Secretary-General – who has identified climate change as one of his top priorities – observed.</p> <p>The latest report of the <a href="http://www.ipcc.ch/">United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change</a># ( <span class="caps">IPCC</span> ) – a recipient of this year&#8217;s Nobel Peace Prize – estimated that curbing serious global warming would cost as little as 0.1 per cent of <span class="caps">GDP</span> over the next 30 years.</p> <p>It also reported that existing technologies offering at least a 10 per cent rate of return on investment – ranging from energy-efficient lightbulbs to alternative fuel sources – can slash the grown in energy use in the coming decades by half.</p> <p>“We want to unleash the power of markets, capital, innovation and entrepreneurship in our fight against global warming,” Mr. Ban said.</p> <p>He underscored to reporters today his efforts to jump-start efforts to combat climate change, ranging from the largest-ever high-level meeting on the issue in September to his recent visits to Antarctica, the Amazon, the Andes, Lake Chad and Central Africa to witness the problem first-hand.</p> <p>The Secretary-General said that he has also been meeting and making phone calls to world leaders, including President George W. Bush of the United States, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil, President Vladimir Putin of Russia, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India, Prime Minister Wen Jiabao of China and Prime Minister Kevin Rudd of Australia.</p> <p>“Now comes Bali, our biggest moment yet,” the Secretary-General said.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/asianews/un-climate-change-conference-test-our-collective-will-%E2%80%93-ban-ki-moon/06/dec/07#comments Asia Environmental Sustainability Bali Ban Ki-moon climate change UN Thu, 06 Dec 2007 06:02:27 +0000 admin 155 at http://endpoverty2015.org Prime Minsiter Rudd Affirms MDGs Commitment http://endpoverty2015.org/en/environmental-sustainabilitynews/prime-minsiter-rudd-affirms-mdgs-commitment/03/dec/07 <p>New Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, affirmed the importance of the <a href="/goals">Millennium Development Goals</a> in his first press conference since the Federal election.</p> <p>When describing his post-election conversations with world leaders, Mr Rudd declared that climate change and the challenge of achieving the Millennium Development Goals were two key areas he wished to work on.</p> <p>&#8220;I look forward, generally, to working with the British Government in the future on a range of foreign policy measures across the world. I note in particular Prime Minister Brown’s emphasis on both climate change and on the importance of achieving progress on the Millennium Development Goals, across the developing world.&#8221;</p> <p>The <a href="http://www.endpoverty2015.org">UN Millennium Campaign</a> welcomes Mr. Rudd&#8217;s commitment to the MDGs. Erna Witoelar, Special Ambassador for the MDGs in Asia and the Pacific, told reporters:</p> <p>&#8220;PM-elect Kevin Rudd is good news for MDGs achievements and climate change solutions in the region. Australia has shown goodwill in improving their Goal 8 commitments by untying their aid, to Timor Leste, Papua New Guinea and some Pacific countries and opening up more trade and job opportunities. I&#8217;m hopeful that Rudd&#8217;s leadership will continue to improve Australia&#8217;s aid and support for the MDGs.&#8221;</p> <p>Mr. Rudd showed the sincerity of his commitment by recently announcing that Australia will join the Kyoto Protocol and encouraging other governments to follow Australia&#8217;s lead.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/environmental-sustainabilitynews/prime-minsiter-rudd-affirms-mdgs-commitment/03/dec/07#comments Environmental Sustainability Oceania Global Partnership Bali climate change MDGs Tue, 04 Dec 2007 02:36:00 +0000 admin 151 at http://endpoverty2015.org Human Development Report: Tackling Climate Change Key to Development http://endpoverty2015.org/en/environmental-sustainabilitynews/human-development-report-tackling-climate-change-key-development/28 The 2007 Human Development Report warns that climate change creates zones of extreme vulnerability in poor nations and will become a major obstacle to achieving the Millennium Development Goals if immediate action is not taken. <br/><br/> The report, <a href="http://hdr.undp.org">Fighting climate change: Human solidarity in a divided world</a>, provides a stark account of the threat posed by global warming. It argues that the world is drifting towards a "tipping point" that could lock the world's poorest countries and their poorest citizens in a downward spiral, leaving hundreds of millions facing malnutrition, water scarcity, ecological threats, and a loss of livelihoods. "Ultimately, climate change is a threat to humanity as a whole. But it is the poor, a constituency with no responsibility for the ecological debt we are running up, who face the immediate and most severe human costs," commented <a href="http://www.undp.org">UNDP</a> Administrator Kemal Dervi .<br/><br/> The report comes at a key moment in negotiations to forge a multilateral agreement for the period after 2012--the expiry date for the current commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. It calls for a "twin track" approach that combines stringent mitigation to limit 21st Century warming to less than 2°C (3.6°F), with strengthened international cooperation on adaptation. <br/><br/> On mitigation, the authors call on developed countries to demonstrate leadership by cutting greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80% of 1990 levels by 2050. The report advocates a mix of carbon taxation, more stringent cap-and-trade programmes, energy regulation, and international cooperation on financing for low-carbon technology transfer. <br/><br/> Turning to adaptation, the report warns that inequalities in ability to cope with climate change are emerging as an increasingly powerful driver of wider inequalities between and within countries. It calls on rich countries to put climate change adaptation at the centre of international partnerships on poverty reduction. <br/><br/> "We are issuing a call to action, not providing a counsel of despair," commented lead author Kevin Watkins, adding, "Working together with resolve, we can win the battle against climate change. Allowing the window of opportunity to close would represent a moral and political failure without precedent in human history." He described the Bali talks as a unique opportunity to put the interests of the world's poor at the heart of climate change negotiations. <br/><br/> The report provides evidence of the mechanisms through with the ecological impacts of climate change will be transmitted to the poor. Focusing on the 2.6 billion people surviving on less than US$2 a day, the authors warn forces unleashed by global warming could stall and then reverse progress built up over generations. Among the threats to human development identified by Fighting climate change: The breakdown of agricultural systems as a result of increased exposure to drought, rising temperatures, and more erratic rainfall, leaving up to 600 million more people facing malnutrition. Semi-arid areas of sub-Saharan Africa with some of the highest concentrations of poverty in the world face the danger of potential productivity losses of 25% by 2060. An additional 1.8 billion people facing water stress by 2080, with large areas of South Asia and northern China facing a grave ecological crisis as a result of glacial retreat and changed rainfall patterns. Displacement through flooding and tropical storm activity of up to 332 million people in coastal and low-lying areas. Over 70 million Bangladeshis, 22 million Vietnamese, and six million Egyptians could be affected by global warming-related flooding. Emerging health risks, with an additional population of up to 400 million people facing the risk of malaria. <br/><br/> Setting out the evidence from a new research exercise, the authors of the Human Development Report argue that the potential human costs of climate change have been understated. They point out that climate shocks such as droughts, floods and storms, which will become more frequent and intense with climate change, are already among the most powerful drivers of poverty and inequality--and global warming will strengthen the impacts. <br/><br/> "For millions of people, these are events that offer a one-way ticket to poverty and long-run cycles of disadvantage," says the report. Apart from threatening lives and inflicting suffering, they wipe out assets, lead to malnutrition, and result in children being withdrawn from school. In Ethiopia, the report finds that children exposed to a drought in early childhood are 36% more likely to be malnourished--a figure that translates into 2 million additional cases of child malnutrition. <br/><br/> While the report focuses on the immediate threats to the world's poor, it warns that failure to tackle climate change could leave future generations facing ecological catastrophe. It highlights the possible collapse of the West Antarctic ice sheets, the retreat of glaciers, and the stress on marine ecosystems as systemic threats to humanity. <br/><br/> "Of course there are uncertainties, but faced with risks of this order of magnitude uncertainty is not a case for inaction. Ambitious mitigation is in fact the insurance we have to buy against potentially very large risks. Fighting climate change is about our commitment to human development today and about creating a world that will provide ecological security for our children and their grandchildren," Mr. Dervi said. http://endpoverty2015.org/en/environmental-sustainabilitynews/human-development-report-tackling-climate-change-key-development/28#comments Environmental Sustainability Bali climate change HDR Human Development Report UNDP Wed, 28 Nov 2007 16:04:04 +0000 admin 148 at http://endpoverty2015.org