End Poverty 2015 - Qatar http://endpoverty2015.org/en/taxonomy/term/201/0 en South-South Cooperation Key to MDGs Achievement http://endpoverty2015.org/en/africanews/south-south-cooperation-key-mdgs-achievement/30/dec/07 <p>&#8220;Despite significant progress in the South, the pattern of cooperation has not been commensurate with the comprehensive nature of the commitments contained in the various declarations and other documents on South-South cooperation,&#8221; Ambassador Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser, Permanent Representative of the State of Qatar to the United Nations, told <span class="caps">IPS</span>. &#8220;The existing capabilities and capacities in the South have not been adequately acknowledged and utilised,&#8221; he added.</p> <p>For its part, the government of Qatar has been very active in promoting South-South cooperation. Most recently, the High Level Meeting on Oil and Gas Development was hosted by Qatar and held in Doha from Sep. 8-10, 2007. The meeting brought together senior officials from 42 countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America and from United Nations agencies and international organisations with the objective of sharing experiences among the petroleum-exporting countries of the South.</p> <p>In June 2005, the government of Qatar hosted the Second South Summit, a meeting of world leaders from the 132 developing nations, who discussed strengthening their partnership.</p> <p>Al-Nasser currently serves as the president of the High-level Committee on South-South Cooperation. <span class="caps">IPS</span> U.N. correspondent Mithre J. Sandrasagra recently interviewed Al-Nasser:</p> <p>IPS: Why is South-South cooperation increasingly important to the world’s developing nations? Can South-South cooperation be viewed from a development angle rather than a political angle?</p> <p>Ambassador Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser: South-South Cooperation derives its importance from the fact that sustained economic growth since the late 1980s has led an increasing number of developing countries to become regional centres of economic dynamism.</p> <p>Such importance also stems from the fact that the countries of the South can work together in solidarity to secure and share in gains from the emerging new international trade geography, and design and implement strategies to ensure that the dynamism evident in the new geography of international economic relations is sustained and has a positive multiplier effect throughout the South.</p> <p>IPS: Are there any trends indicating significant growth in trade and investments among countries of the global South?</p> <p>NAAN: The volume of trade among the countries of the South, according to 2004 statistics, has grown significantly to make up 26 percent of developing countries’ exports for that year. It is estimated that the rate has grown during 2005 to 43 percent. Moreover, the 1990s witnessed a faster growth in the South-South foreign direct investment flows than North-South flows. Apparently, the causative factor behind this was the large accumulation of financial surpluses by many developing countries through trade.</p> <p>IPS: One of the key elements of enhancing South-South cooperation is the sharing of experience and expertise. Could you share some of the successes or best practices learned during the recent High-Level meeting Qatar hosted to enable current petroleum-exporting countries share their knowledge and experience with emerging and potential oil and gas-producing nations?</p> <p>NAAN: The objective of the meeting was to share experiences and lessons learned in efficient and effective development and management of the petroleum sector, which is of crucial importance to the economies of the countries of the South in their quest for economic and social advancement, including achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Much discussion focused on ways in which existing oil- and gas-producing countries can help countries which are emerging producers to strengthen their capacities in the sector. Countries held various bilateral discussions. Some existing oil and gas producers offered to welcome emerging producers on study tours in order to share experiences on specific issues or approaches to hydrocarbon management and broader policy requirements.</p> <p>IPS: Can South-South cooperation help developing countries meet targets set by the U.N.’s MDGs, including the eradication of poverty and hunger, and the fight against HIV/AIDS?</p> <p>NAAN: South-South Cooperation is the vehicle to accelerate development as it fosters partnerships among the middle income developing countries and least developed countries, landlocked developing countries, small island developing states and countries in sub-Saharan Africa, with the view to increasing volume and rate of South-South exchanges in trade, finance, technology exchange and development enterprises. This approach will help accelerate development, thus assisting developing countries to achieve the MDGs, including halving poverty by 2015, as well as combating hunger and fighting HIV/<span class="caps">AIDS</span>.</p> <p>IPS: During the Second South Summit in 2005 His Highness Sheik Hamad Khalifa Al-Thani launched the South Fund for Development and Humanitarian Circumstances to address problems of hunger, poverty, and human catastrophes. Could you tell us what the status of the Fund is now?</p> <p>NAAN: The proposed agreement on the establishment and operationalisation of the Fund was transmitted to the Group of 77 and China in 2005. Since that time, it has been the subject of review… Many valuable comments were made and pertinent amendments to the original proposal were introduced. Nevertheless, there still remain a few points to agree upon. These points are currently under active discussions between the Group and the Qatari authorities. Once a final agreement on these points is reached, the Fund will be operationalised, without any further delay.</p> <p>IPS: The GA High-level Committee on South-South Cooperation has called upon the U.N. to mainstream South-South cooperation as a crosscutting issue at the heart of the development agenda and within its regular programmes. How is Qatar helping with this process?</p> <p>NAAN: Qatar has proved, throughout its membership in the United Nations, to be a serious member which discharges its obligations responsibly. It has unfailingly strived to live up to the ideals of the United Nations. As such, and as an active player in the international arena, it will spare no effort to help the United Nations to achieve its objectives in these areas.</p> http://endpoverty2015.org/en/africanews/south-south-cooperation-key-mdgs-achievement/30/dec/07#comments Africa Arab Region Asia Latin America &amp; the Caribbean Global Partnership Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser Qatar Role of Southern Countries south-south cooperation Sun, 30 Dec 2007 16:02:00 +0000 admin 171 at http://endpoverty2015.org